Soft drinks bottle

Soft drinks bottle

Black glass (i.e. very dark green) cork-topped bottle, embossed ‘YABC, Gt Yarmouth’. For carbonated beverages or fruit crush manufactured by the Yarmouth Aerated Beverage Company, which was established in 1896 and went bankrupt in 1898.
Ginger beer bottle

Ginger beer bottle

Two-tone ginger beer bottle (cork-top), impressed ‘Lawrance & Sons, Yarmouth, Beccles and Saxmundham’, with a pottery stamp from George Skey of Tamworth.
Ginger beer bottle

Ginger beer bottle

Two-tone, cork-top ginger beer bottle from Morgan’s Brewery Company, Norwich (with twelve named branch stores). Probably from the Yarmouth branch.
Ketchup bottle

Ketchup bottle

Aqua glass bottle with a burst-off lip to take a cork. The label says ‘Hayward Bros, Old English Ketchup, For Soups, Gravies, etc’, with an address in London, S. E. Note that at this date ketchup was a cooking ingredient, though Heinz’ Tomato Ketchup...
Chutney bottles

Chutney bottles

Two bottles, one enormous, the other large. Embossed: ‘The Original Ship Brand Chutney Manufactured in Bombay’.
Glass jam jar

Glass jam jar

Clear glass jam jar embossed with a shield-shaped border which contains the remnants of a label. Glass jam jars are uncommon at so early a date. The vast majority of jam and marmalade jars in the late 1890s were ceramic, and ceramic jars continued to be common for...
Assorted mineral water bottles etc

Assorted mineral water bottles etc

Various bottles from the Great Yarmouth site, including Codd bottles, Hamiltons, Ginger Beers and minerals bearing the names of local firms (Lawrence, Hunt, Newman, Neslen, Wilshak, YABC, etc). There are also a few London makers represented. The green bottle with...
Ketchup bottles

Ketchup bottles

Ketchup bottles, with remnants of labels. On the left, Hayward Brothers, Old English Ketchup. On the right, a different brand, ‘Tickles’.
German bitters bottle

German bitters bottle

Green glass bottle, with remnants of label and cork, for bitters – imported from Germany or the Netherlands.
Bottles for coffee extract

Bottles for coffee extract

Bottles for coffee extract, including (right) Paterson’s Camp Coffee. The green bottle on the left is similar to those later used by the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) for bottled coffee extract, but unlike those it is not embossed. Both would...
Fruit juice crystals bottle

Fruit juice crystals bottle

Foster Clark & Co, Maidstone, Eiffel Tower Fruit Juices. This aqua-glass bottle with a burst-off lip contained crystals for adding to water to make fruit juice. Each bottle was supposed to make up 3 gallons. They sold for four and a half pence.
Whisky flasks

Whisky flasks

Two aqua-glass unembossed whisky/ spirits flasks. The one on the left is colloquially termed a ‘pumpkin-seed flask’, the one on the right, a ‘coffin flask’, on account of their shapes. All such vessels are flat enough to be slid into a large...
Gillard’s and Lea & Perrin’s sauce bottles

Gillard’s and Lea & Perrin’s sauce bottles

Gillard’s (larger bottle, left) and Lea & Perrin’s sauce bottles, both embossed with company name and bearing the remnants of red and white labels. Both would have had glass stoppers held in place by a cork ring.
Oyster shell

Oyster shell

One of many oyster shells excavated in the layers of domestic waste at Great Yarmouth. It probably came from Mersea/ Colcester in...
Half-pint pub mug

Half-pint pub mug

Blue ceramic with white interior half-pint pub mug, with royal cipher of Queen Victoria, confirming the capacity. Missing the handle.
YABC ginger beer bottle

YABC ginger beer bottle

Mr Stanger set up the Yarmouth Aerated Beverage Company in November 1896, and it went bankrupt in May/ June 1898. His ginger beer bottles had a dark blue top.
Lawrance ginger beer bottle

Lawrance ginger beer bottle

Lawrance of Yarmouth, Saxmundham and Beccles, stoneware ginger beer bottle, made by G. Skey of Tamworth. Such bottles were returnable. Cork stopper. In 1900, Lawrance switched to internal screw stoppers for his bottles (as advertised in the local paper for that...
YABC Codd bottle

YABC Codd bottle

10 oz YABC Codd bottle (Yarmouth Aerated Beverage Company), Great Yarmouth. Made by Wm Barnard and Sons, London. The 6 oz Codd is known to have contained lemonade.
Hunt & Son, blob-top mineral

Hunt & Son, blob-top mineral

Heavy blob-top aqua glass mineral water bottle, embossed ‘Hunt & Son/ Great Yarmouth’, with trademark. Such bottles would have taken a cork and were returnable.
Hunt & Son, mineral water bottle

Hunt & Son, mineral water bottle

Bullet-stoppered aqua glass mineral water bottle, embossed ‘Hunt & Son/ Great Yarmouth’, with trademark on rear. Signs of wear to base indicate re-use. Such bottles were returnable and refillable.
Bentley’s Imperial Relish bottle

Bentley’s Imperial Relish bottle

Clear glass sauce bottle with lead alloy sealing around lip. Embossed ‘Bentley’s Imperial Relish’ on one panel, with remnants of labels on other panels.  ...
Yorkshire sauce bottle

Yorkshire sauce bottle

Aqua unembossed bottle, contents identifiable from remnants of label. This says ‘Yorkshire sauce/ For Enri[ich]ing Gr[avies…]’ Other words visible lower on the label include ‘wholes[aler/s] and…’/ ‘fish sauce’/...
Lea & Perrin’s Worcestershire sauce

Lea & Perrin’s Worcestershire sauce

Aqua glass bottle embossed ‘Lea & Perrin’s/ Worcestershire Sauce’. It would have had a glass stopper wedged in a cork ring. Red-brown stains inside are remnants of the contents.
Whelk shell

Whelk shell

Whelk shell. In Victorian and Edwardian Yarmouth, shellfish including whelks, cockles, and oysters were sold from stands along the sea-front.
De Carle’s Ripe Fruit Drinks

De Carle’s Ripe Fruit Drinks

De Carle’s Ripe Fruit Drinks/ The Only Original and Genuine/ De Carle and Sons, Norwich. Green glass, burst-off lip bottle for fruit syrup/ concentrate. De Carle was a chemist in Magdalen Street, Norwich. In East Anglia in the 1890s, this was the leading brand,...
Cohen Brothers Ginger Beer, re-used by N. Paul and YABC

Cohen Brothers Ginger Beer, re-used by N. Paul and YABC

The Cohen Brothers went bankrupt in 1892 and sold off their stock in 1892-3. N. Paul purchased their bottles and sand-blasted the name ‘PAUL’ onto them. Paul’s outlet was at St Pancras, the western terminus of the GER line to Great Yarmouth. Large...
Pink’s Pickle bottle

Pink’s Pickle bottle

Green glass bottle with remnants of label. The following words can be made out: ‘Pink’s Pickle/ manufactory/ Long Lane/ Bermondsey’. At the top, ‘September’. E. & T. Pink are recorded at this address in the late 19th century. An...
Pepper pot

Pepper pot

Intact white ceramic pepper pot (or sugar or salt sprinkler), with a hole in the bottom for a cork. Of the fourteen holes, only three are open. The others are blocked, having been improperly punched. This would make the pot frustratingly difficult to use, and the...
Hand-painted tea cup

Hand-painted tea cup

Hand-painted tea cup, crudely decorated with under-glaze green stripes and blue bands and over-glaze red dots. There is a single blue band below the rim, inside.
Nicholas Paul Codd bottle, re-used by YABC

Nicholas Paul Codd bottle, re-used by YABC

A 6 oz Codd bottle, made for the mineral water manufacturer Nicholas Paul & Co, of London. It is embossed with the name of N. Paul’s firm on both sides. On one side, a blue and white oval label is stuck over the name, which identifies the contents as...
English wine bottle necks

English wine bottle necks

Black glass English wine bottle necks, from a layer dating to the 1850s. Such bottles were meant to be returned, re-filled and re-used until broken.
Wine bottle necks

Wine bottle necks

Imported wine bottle necks, the one on the right retaining its lead foil (which began to be used to seal the necks/ corks of imported wine bottles c. 1840). From a layer dating to the 1850s.
Porter bottle (fragments)

Porter bottle (fragments)

Fragments of a salt-glazed stoneware porter bottle, only partly glazed inside (at the top). These bottles were returnable and re-usable.
Porter bottle (fragment)

Porter bottle (fragment)

Fragment of a salt-glazed porter bottle embossed with the remains of the words ‘Wine and Spirit Merchant’, and beneath this, ‘Eye’ (in Suffolk). The name of the proprietor, which would have formed the first line of text, is missing. Bottles of...
Caley’s mineral water bottle

Caley’s mineral water bottle

A nineteenth-century mineral water bottle, embossed with the name of Caley’s Pharmaceutical Works, Norwich, dating before 1898 and discarded in the 1920s at Holme Hale Hall.
Lids for Burgess’s Genuine Anchovy Paste

Lids for Burgess’s Genuine Anchovy Paste

Victorian lids for Burgess’s Anchovy Paste (note the Victorian crown). A large number of twentieth-century lids for this product were also found, but all had broken up on account of freeze-thaw action, signifying a poorer quality of pottery. This is likely to...
Fortnum & Mason’s Caviare Pot

Fortnum & Mason’s Caviare Pot

Ceramic caviare pot, with printed lettering: ‘Finest Astrachan Caviare, imported by Fortnum & Mason Ltd’, etc. A Russian delicacy consumed at Holme Hale Hall, Norfolk.
Porter bottle

Porter bottle

Fragmentary porter bottle, found in a midden from the 1840s along with broken black glass utility bottles and oyster shells, at Brockdish rectory.
1840s bottle necks

1840s bottle necks

Black glass necks from bottles for wine, ale or beer, found in an 1840s midden, Brockdish rectory. Such bottles were re-usable and were discarded only when broken.
Flagons and fragments

Flagons and fragments

Flagons and fragments of flagons, mostly unmarked or from makers in Norfolk and Cambridgeshire, discarded at Ringstead in the 1920s. By that date, flagons were gradually becoming defunct, being replaced by a variety of more hygienic containers. They turn up in dumps...
Oyster shells, bones and crab’s claw 1870s

Oyster shells, bones and crab’s claw 1870s

Centimetres scale: above it, oyster shells and, to the right, clinker. Above the shells, bird and animal bones, some with butchery marks. The small item, top centre/left, beneath the green and white lid for a toiletries holder, is part of a large crab claw, possibly...
Wine and Champagne bottles 1870s

Wine and Champagne bottles 1870s

A scale of centimetres, with fragments of French champagne bottles to the right of it, and the bases of black-glass English dip-moulded wine bottles to the left. Below the champagne bottles are necks from the English wine bottles. 1870s, from the rector’s...
Bottle fragments 1870s

Bottle fragments 1870s

A close-up of bottle fragments and other material from the rectory rubbish pit at Brockdish. Centre: ‘black’ glass English dip-moulded wine bottle bases. Below left: the square, tapering base of a black-glass Dutch or possibly English dip-moulded gin...
Caviar Pot Lid

Caviar Pot Lid

Transfer-printed pot lid for Fortnum & Mason’s caviar, from an early 1920s dump in Bradford.
Batty’s Nabob Pickle Jar

Batty’s Nabob Pickle Jar

Batty’s Nabob Pickle (showing a nabob, seated, consuming pickle from a bottle): ‘only genuine when secured with Bett’s capsule’ (referring to a patent closure device). Late VIctorian. Provenance uncertain (Yorkshire).
Ramsell & Spinks Ginger Beer Bottle

Ramsell & Spinks Ginger Beer Bottle

Poorly manufactured ginger beer bottle for the King’s Lynn firm Ramsell & Spinks (a partnership of the 1890s). The glaze has poorly covered the printed design, so that the latter is exposed on the fired biscuit.
Early Codd Bottle

Early Codd Bottle

Early narrow-necked Codd bottle, datable to the 1870s, from the firm E. Eyre & Co of King’s Lynn. The photo shows the bottle before cleaning.
Soda Water Bottle

Soda Water Bottle

Blob-top, flat-bottomed soda water bottle, embossed ‘S. Codrington, Soda Water Manufacturer, King’s Lynn’. Found in a ditch that was filled in 1883.
Potted Ham & Chicken Pot Lid

Potted Ham & Chicken Pot Lid

Pot lid, printed with the words ‘Potted Ham & [Chicken], An Excellent R[elish for] Breakfast, Lun[cheon] etc’. Found amid ash and domestic waste of the 1890s.
Ginger Beer Bottles

Ginger Beer Bottles

Champagne-shape stoneware ginger beer bottles used by the firm of Robert Claxton at Wells, Norfolk. During the 1920s, rather than paying for any more of his own bottles to be made, Claxton purchased a load of second-hand bottles bearing the name of the firm of...
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger beer bottle for the manufacturer W. Ramsell of King’s Lynn. Discarded amid 1900s ash at the ash yard – possibly missed by scavengers.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Pain & Bayles of Ipswich and Felixstowe, ginger beer bottle, with a date stamp for 1900 from Lovatt’s pottery.
Beer Bottles

Beer Bottles

Cork-top half-pint beer bottles, for the Yates Bros, Wisbech (left) and Peatling and Son of King’s Lynn and Wisbech (right). Both show wear patterns suggesting a good deal of re-use. 1900s-1910s. Discarded in the 1920s.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Impressed two-tone stoneware ginger beer bottle for the firm of Sidney Codrington of King’s Lynn. 1890s-1900s
Wine Bottle

Wine Bottle

A green glass bottle for wine or beer with a crudely rolled applied lip. Found amid hardcore that had been steamrollered as the foundations of a track-way into the ash-yard. The cork remains, 1880s or earlier.
Ginger Beer Bottles

Ginger Beer Bottles

Unmarked stoneware two-tone ginger beer bottles, possibly for the firm of Henry Hancock, who used very similar bottles stamped with his name.
Ginger Beer Bottles

Ginger Beer Bottles

Blue-lipped stoneware ginger beer bottles for the firm of H. Parker of King’s Lynn, one with blue print, one with black print.
The War Time Butter Dish

The War Time Butter Dish

The War Time Butter Dish: The message reads: ‘Special Message From The Rt Hon D. Lloyd George, Prime Minister: “I have no hesitation in saying that economy in the consumption of food in this country is a matter of the greatest possible importance to the...
Lamont’s Patent Mineral Water Bottle

Lamont’s Patent Mineral Water Bottle

Lamont’s Patent mineral water bottle, embossed with a hand holding a bottle, and the name of the firm Forster G, Moore, New Conduit Street, King’s Lynn. Around the base, embossed ‘Lumb & Co, Makers, Castleford’. The stopper, a wooden bullet...
Ginger Beer Bottles

Ginger Beer Bottles

Stoneware ginger beer bottles. Left, a two-tone bottle impressed H. Hancock, Ginger Beer Manufacturer, King’s Lynn (unusually around the body of the bottle). Right, a white stoneware bottle impressed John Devonshire, Mineral Water Works, King’s Lynn...
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Stoneware ginger beer bottle for the manufacturer Robert Cullen of Hunstanton, who went bankrupt in 1902. The bottle was discarded in the 1920s.
German Mineral Water Bottle

German Mineral Water Bottle

Green glass bottle (base only), embossed on the base ‘Hunyadi Janos, Saxlehners Bitterquelle’, for mineral water. This was imported, probably to nearby Felixstowe, and consumed at Kirton Rectory in the 1900s.
Spirits Flask

Spirits Flask

Glass ‘coffin’ flask for whisky or other spirits, bearing the name of A. Hodge, Grimsby (with address for return). 1890s
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Stoneware ginger beer bottle, impressed “Norwood Brewery Co”, with the stamp ’14 Doulton, Lambeth’. Found amid London rubbish dumped on the Essex marshes.
Cream Pot

Cream Pot

Plain brown cream pot, brown glaze on the outside, yellowish-cream glaze on the inside, no stamp.
Cocoa Rooms Mug

Cocoa Rooms Mug

Cup printed with the name of Lockhart’s Cocoa Rooms (in London). Printed on the bottom ‘Real Ironstone China, Dunn Bennett & Co, Burslem’. Found amid London rubbish dumped on the Essex marshes.
Decanter Bottle

Decanter Bottle

A mould-blown pontilled clear-glass decanter bottle, decorated with gold leaf and missing its stopper. Dating from the early nineteenth century, it was discarded in the 1920s.
Ginger Beer Bottles

Ginger Beer Bottles

Impressed stoneware ginger beer bottles for the firms of F. G. Moore (left) and Elijah Eyre & Co (right) of King’s Lynn. Discarded before 1883.
Jam and Marmalade Jars

Jam and Marmalade Jars

Jars for Keiller’s Dundee Marmalade and John Moir’s Red Currant Jam. Found amid unscavenged domestic waste, 1890s.
Cream Pot

Cream Pot

Base of a cylindrical cream pot from an unidentified dairy in Hastings. Above ‘Hastings’ is the word ‘Ro???’ Can anyone identify the dairy? Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s at the King’s Lynn ash yard, this had travelled...
Gorgona Anchovy Paste Pot Lid

Gorgona Anchovy Paste Pot Lid

Black and white pot lid, printed with the words ‘Real Gorgona Anchovy Paste, so highly approved of for toast, sandwiches, etc’. It bears a coat of arms very similar to that borne by Burgess’s anchovy paste lids but is otherwise generic in that it has...
Eggcup

Eggcup

Ceramic pedestal eggcup with sky-blue band above gold and silver horizontal stripes, From ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Steward and Patteson of Norwich ginger beer bottle, price one penny. If the customer wished to take the bottle away to drink the contents a farthing extra was charged as a returnable deposit.
Pub Mug

Pub Mug

Mocha ware half-pint pub mug, stamped with the royal cipher. Discarded with rubbish in a ditch filled in 1883.
Codd Bottles

Codd Bottles

Codd bottles and other mineral water bottles, found in a dump of domestic waste in a trench at the King’s Lynn ash yard.
Bloater Paste Jar

Bloater Paste Jar

Clear glass jar, embossed ‘Yallop & Co Ltd, Yarmouth’, for bloater paste. Discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908. The use of glass jars for meat and fish pastes gradually became the norm from the 1910s onward.
Marmalade Jar, Re-used for Paint

Marmalade Jar, Re-used for Paint

Large Keiller’s Dundee Marmalade jar made by Maling of Newcastle. The jar was already old, worn and much re-used before it was finally re-used for oil paint and discarded. Remnants of the paint remain inside. Discarded in 1908 after the death of Mary...
Talbot, Ipswich, Hamilton Bottle

Talbot, Ipswich, Hamilton Bottle

Aqua Hamilton bottle, embossed ‘Talbot & Co/ Ipswich/ Trade Mark T & Co/ Registered’. These bottles had already gone out of fashion by 1908, when this one was dumped along with other old and/or worn objects. It would have contained soda water or...
Bovril Bottles from 1908

Bovril Bottles from 1908

Thirteen Bovril bottles, discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908. Each is embossed either ‘2oz’ or ‘4oz’ and ‘Bovril, Limited’. Early Bovril bottles from the 1890s bear the Registration number and Farringdon Street address...
Pie Dish

Pie Dish

Most of a white ceramic pie dish, heavily crazed through use and exposure to heat. Only two pieces were found, but the rest may be still buried in the dump. This was one of a number of pieces of old and worn crockery that were discarded, probably intact, after the...
Sprig-Moulded Teapot

Sprig-Moulded Teapot

Teapot, with hunting scenes (man and dogs) in white sprig relief set against green enamel. A small rivet hole shows that the item had been repaired at some time before it was discarded. Victorian. Dumped with generally old and worn crockery after the death of Mary...
Foster Clark’s Bottles

Foster Clark’s Bottles

Bottles embossed with the name of ‘Foster Clark & Co, Maidstone’, for ‘Eiffel Tower Fruit Juices’. In 1910, Foster Clark’s became a limited company. Bottles made after this date have ‘Foster Clark Ltd’ rather than...
Paste Bottle?

Paste Bottle?

Clear glass, wide mouthed bottle, use unknown – possibly for fish paste? (Another, different in shape but similar in proportions, is embossed ‘Yallop & Co, Yarmouth’ – the makers of bloater paste.) Four of these unidentified bottles were...
Sauce Bottle

Sauce Bottle

Aqua sauce bottle with tooled lip, no embossing on body, with L/ 1029 embossed on the base; 19.6 cm high.
Chutney and Preserves Jars

Chutney and Preserves Jars

These jars were discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908. The 2 ounce Bovril bottle is for size comparison. Left, a chutney or pickle jar in aqua glass, 20 cm tall, 6.7 cm wide at the shoulder, with the base separately moulded and the numeral 1337 embossed on...
Half Gallon Flagon

Half Gallon Flagon

Half gallon (2 quart) flagon, in the bottom of the trench. The handle is missing, and the flagon is cracked but usable. These flagons were kept for home-made wine, beer and cider.
Half Gallon Flagon

Half Gallon Flagon

Stoneware half gallon (2 quart) flagon, incised ‘R. Miller & Son, Ipswich’, made by Doulton of Lambeth before 1898. Discarded in a clear-out following the death of Mary Everett in 1908. These were filled with cider or beer and taken into the fields by...
Tins and Hip Flask

Tins and Hip Flask

The tin with a perforated top contained scouring powder for scrubbing doorsteps, polishing cutlery or the like. The other tin is missing its lid. The pocket hip flask was for spirits.
Potted Meat Pots

Potted Meat Pots

Four heavy ceramic pots with screw-on lids, transfer-printed in black, ‘Blanchflower & Sons, Home Made (etc)’ with gap for label specifying product. For bloater paste or potted meat.
Dutch Gin Bottle

Dutch Gin Bottle

Dark olive-green glass Dutch gin bottle (typical design). These were packed into cases and imported. Excavated amid rubbish from the 1880s at Great Wakering. Discarded in London, dumped in Essex.
Small Jam Pot

Small Jam Pot

Small ceramic jam or marmalade pot, with ribbing, made by Maling of Newcastle. It is still partly covered with barnacles and mud. Discarded in London and dumped on the Essex marshes.
Bovril Bottles

Bovril Bottles

A half-ounce Bovril in yellow-amber glass, and a one-ounce bottle in the standard brown glass, both bearing the registration number found on early Bovrils. Discarded in London and dumped in Essex.
Stoneware Ginger Beer Bottles

Stoneware Ginger Beer Bottles

Stoneware ginger beer bottles for J. Wright of Burnham-on-Crouch, W. Ingram of Southend-on-Sea and R. White of London. All designed to hold corks.
Aerated Waters Bottle

Aerated Waters Bottle

Early-Mid Victorian aerated waters bottle with an address at Artillery Row, Westminster. The cork on this bottle would have been at risk of drying out, causing the contents to go flat. The circular scar left by the removal of the glassblower’s pontil rod remains...
Schweppes Aerated Waters Hamilton Bottle

Schweppes Aerated Waters Hamilton Bottle

Mid-Victorian Hamilton bottle for Schweppes Aerated Waters, with addresses in London, including Oxford Street. The smaller bottle on the right is embossed ‘W. Ingram/ Southend’. Both found in Leigh-on-Sea.
Hamilton Bottle

Hamilton Bottle

Hamilton bottle, embossed ‘W. Ingram/ Southend’, found during road works outside The Peter Boat pub, Leigh-on-Sea. These were used for mineral water or soda water. The design ensured that the bottles would be stored on their side, keeping the cork in...
Fruit Juices Bottles

Fruit Juices Bottles

Two bottles for Foster Clark of Maidstone, who produced powdered lemonade and fruit juice concentrate. One bottle at four and a half pence, according to the advert, could make up to 3 gallons. The bottle on the left dates no earlier than 1910, when the firm became a...
Codd Bottles

Codd Bottles

Codd bottles for lemonade or other fizzy drinks, embossed J. F. Harrington, Southend-on-Sea, around trademark.
Codd Bottles

Codd Bottles

Codds for W. Ingram of Southend and R. White’s of London, who made lemonade etc. The larger one on the left has lugs to catch the marble when pouring on both the left and the right, so that the pourer did not have to turn it the right way round to prevent the...
Codd Bottles

Codd Bottles

Codd bottles for lemonade or mineral water, embossed ‘Hammond, Southend-on-Sea’, around a trademark. The one on the right has lugs to catch the marble when pouring on both the left and the right, so that the pourer did not have to turn it the right way...
Codd Bottles

Codd Bottles

Codd bottles embossed ‘W. G. Osborne & Son, Pall Mall, Leigh-on-Sea’. They contained lemonade or mineral water and retain the rubbing ring in the neck which held the marble when the bottle was full, forming an airtight seal.
Lemonade Bottles

Lemonade Bottles

Three heavy aqua glass lemonade bottles, with necks for internal-screw stoppers. Left: ‘Green & Ledicott Ltd, Southend-on-Sea’, handmade, vulcanite stopper. Centre: ‘Green & Ledicott Ltd, Southend-on-Sea’, machine-made, stopper missing....
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Stoneware ginger beer bottle, incised ‘Harrington, Southend-on-Sea’ (for J. F. Harrington), with vulcanite internal-screw stopper.
Fizzy Drinks Bottle

Fizzy Drinks Bottle

Heavy aqua fizzy drinks bottle embossed ‘Lawrence, Beccles’. The neck took an internal-screw stopper. Found out on the marshes at Burnham-on-Crouch. Manufacture date is approximate.
R. White’s Ginger Beer Bottle

R. White’s Ginger Beer Bottle

Stoneware ginger beer for R. White’s of London, who made lemonade and ginger beer. This one has been in a destructor. It took a cork, which could be tied on.
Wedding Cake Support

Wedding Cake Support

Plain white hollow ceramic column for supporting one tier of a wedding cake (along with two or three others).
Fizzy Drinks Bottle

Fizzy Drinks Bottle

Aqua glass handmade fizzy drinks bottle with wooden internal-screw stopper, embossed ‘J. F. Harrington, Southend-on-Sea’, with logo. Found with other bottles, including Anzora, a Codd bottle and ‘Ad-le-Burg’ mineral water.
Patent Pyramid Food Warmer

Patent Pyramid Food Warmer

Part of the lid from Samuel Clarke’s Patent Pyramid Food Warmer and Night Light. This was a lidded jug with a small metal stand, holding a night light, which heated it from below. It was used in the nursery for boiling milk (to kill bacteria), keeping food warm...
Lockhart’s Cocoa Rooms Plate

Lockhart’s Cocoa Rooms Plate

‘Cocoa rooms’ were the successor to ‘coffee palaces’, offering good, cheap refreshments; and the company Lockhart’s ran almost the Victorian equivalent to a modern chain of coffee shops, with outlets across London. Plates, cups and mugs...
Anchovy Paste Pot Lid

Anchovy Paste Pot Lid

Pot lid for Burgess’s Genuine Anchovy Paste, made at 107 Strand and suitable for spreading on toast and biscuits. It sold in vast quantities. The lid displays iron staining where a ferrous metal item has rusted next to it in the ground.
Bloater Paste Pot Lid

Bloater Paste Pot Lid

Part of a lid for a large pot of [BLOA]TER [PASTE], with a thistle design below, showing a word ending in T followed by the word LUNC[HEON]. Variations of this pot lid have been found for ‘POTTED BEEF’ and ‘ANCHOVY PASTE’. The contents is...
Clotted Cream Pot

Clotted Cream Pot

Part of a cylindrical white ceramic pot with a purple transfer. The most common sort is printed ‘Pure/ Clotted Cream/ From/ Devonshi[re]/ [D]aily’. (The ‘re’ of Devonshire and most of ‘Daily’ are visible on this fragment.) Others...
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Part of a transfer-printed ginger beer bottle, for Chambers & Co. of Bermondsey. Consumed in London and discarded in Essex.
Salvation Army Soup Bowl

Salvation Army Soup Bowl

Part of a bowl, with a red transfer showing the logo of the Salvation Army (introduced in 1879), beneath the words ‘Food and Shelter’.
Butter Jar

Butter Jar

Ceramic jar, transfer-printed in black ‘Genuine Cumberland Rum Butter, Made by Millers, Kendal’. Made in Cumbria; consumed in Essex.
Coffee Palace Cup

Coffee Palace Cup

Part of a cup from ‘The Help Myself Coffee Palace Company’, which was at 216 Old Kent Road. Refreshments were served to subscribers who paid 2d a week. Discarded in East London and dumped in Essex.
Yorkshire Relish Bottles

Yorkshire Relish Bottles

Aqua sauce bottles, embossed ‘Goodall, Backhouse & Co, Yorkshire Relish’. The one on the right retains its original glass stopper.
Glass Bottle Stoppers

Glass Bottle Stoppers

Aqua glass bottle stoppers. Top and bottom centre: this type was used for chemists’ bottles and was ground to fit in the neck. The rest (except for the patent internal screw design bottom right) are from sauce bottles (Worcester sauce, Yorkshire relish etc)....
Prattware Pot Lids

Prattware Pot Lids

Fragments of polychrome transfer-printed pot lids, used for luxury meat and fish pastes. They mostly date to the period 1850-80 and preceded the black and white lids with company names. Found with Victorian rubbish at Leigh (left) and Hadleigh (right).
Horlick’s Bottle

Horlick’s Bottle

Aqua bottle/jar with external screw thread, embossed ‘Horlick’s/ Malted Milk/ Slough Bucks/ England/ and/ Racine Wis[consin] U.S.A.’ Metal screw cap missing.
1oz Bovril Bottle

1oz Bovril Bottle

Dark brown glass, machine-made 1oz Bovril from the Thames. 1920s. Embossed on base ‘Bottle Made in England by F. G. C.’
Bovril Bottle

Bovril Bottle

Embossed ‘Bovril R[egistere]d 100848’ and ‘Bovril Limited’. Contents in ounces is not embossed on the bottle, as in later examples.
4oz Bovril Bottle

4oz Bovril Bottle

Early machine-made Bovril, 4oz. A number were found in this deposit, some with the neck made in a separate mould.
Foster Clark Fruit Juices Bottle

Foster Clark Fruit Juices Bottle

Aqua bottle for Foster Clark Ltd of Maidstone, Eiffel Tower Fruit Juices. No earlier than 1910, when the firm became a private company. Found in a domestic rubbish pit in Suffolk. This held powdered crystals that could be added to water to make up to 32 cups of fruit...
Hamilton Bottle

Hamilton Bottle

Small Hamilton bottle for J. F. Harrington of Southend-on-Sea. For soda water. Cork top.
Harrington’s Codd Bottle

Harrington’s Codd Bottle

Small aqua Codd for J. F. Harrington’s of Southend-on-Sea. Found in a bucket with a bottle for Sloan’s Liniment, a bottle from the Anzora perfumery and a stoneware mineral water bottle from the ‘Ad-le-Burg’ works in Westcliff-on-Sea.
Early Bovril Bottle

Early Bovril Bottle

Early Bovril bottle, with a sheared lip; embossed ‘Bovril, Rd 100848, 30 Farringdon St, London’. No quantity (i.e. contents in ounces) is embossed on this bottle, unlike later ones. Amber glass.
Soda Water Bottle

Soda Water Bottle

Soda/ mineral water bottle, for Caley’s of Norwich. A small-sized ‘Hamilton’ bottle, designed to be stored on its side.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Part of pictorial transfer-printed ginger beer bottle, showing a ship trademark (facing the prow). From a Yorkshire firm based in Leeds and Knaresborough. Found in the River Knidd.
Bottles from a Destructor

Bottles from a Destructor

Left: two stoneware bottles from the Battersea Aerated Water Company. They have been in a destructor. The glaze has run and accretions of burned cinders etc have attached to the bottles. Right: a green mineral water bottle from Chalk Farm, partly melted in a...
Keiller Dundee Marmalade Pots

Keiller Dundee Marmalade Pots

Left: small pot for Keiller’s Dundee Marmalade, from Marshbrook, discarded 1915-20. Right: sample pot for the same, from Leigh-on-Sea, also discarded 1915-20.
Army and Navy Preserves Pot

Army and Navy Preserves Pot

Generic Army & Navy Co-operative Society preserves pot, for jam, marmalade etc (as specified on the label, which varied depending on the contents).
Paste Jars

Paste Jars

Plain white ceramic jars for meat or fish paste, or possibly for glue.
‘The Niagara’ Codd Bottle

‘The Niagara’ Codd Bottle

Codd bottle for W. Ingram of Southend-on-Sea. Rear embossed ‘The Niagara Bottle’. For mineral water or soda. Found in the mud at low tide.
Stretton Hills Mineral Water Bottle

Stretton Hills Mineral Water Bottle

Flat-bottomed Hamilton bottle from the Stretton Hills Mineral Water Company, of Church Stretton. Blob top for cork. These bottles superseded the egg-shaped version during the first decade of the twentieth century. They were supposed to be stored on their side, but...
Marmalade Jar

Marmalade Jar

Large jar for James Keiller & Son’s Dundee Marmalade, black transfer on white.
Caviare Pot

Caviare Pot

Heavy two-tone stoneware caviare pot, incised: ‘Finest Unpressed Astrachan Caviare, imported by Cadbury, Pratt & Co’, with an address in Bond Street. Grooves in the lip allowed the lid to be tied or clamped on. The contents were shipped in from Russia....
Cox’s Beer Bottle 2

Cox’s Beer Bottle 2

Cox’s beer bottle, rear embossing: a farthing’s deposit charged on this bottle. The farthing (a quarter of a penny) would be given to the customer when the bottle was returned to the shop.
Cox’s Beer Bottle 1

Cox’s Beer Bottle 1

Amber beer bottle for Cox’s of Southend-on-Sea, bearing the trademark of J. F. Harrington. Internal screw stopper. A farthing deposit charged on this bottle. Found below the sea wall,
Codd Bottle

Codd Bottle

Codd bottle for Arthur Watts of Southend-on-Sea, with acorn pictorial trademark. Found below the sea wall at Leigh-on-Sea. For mineral water or soda.
Beer Bottle

Beer Bottle

Black glass beer bottle for Seabrooke and Sons of Grays and Thurrock. Cork top. Found below the sea wall at Burnham-on-Crouch.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Stoneware two-tone bottle for Brooke’s Home Brewed Ginger Beer, Hastings and Bexhill, with Vulcanite internal screw stopper.
Mineral Water Bottle

Mineral Water Bottle

Two-tone stoneware mineral water bottle for Ad-le-burg manufactory, Southend-on-Sea. Crown cap. Stamped ‘Bourne, Denby, [19]15’. This item was found in a bucket with other bottles, including a small Codd from Harrington’s, a bottle from the Anzora...
Codd Bottle

Codd Bottle

Codd bottle for J. Bacon of Burnham-on-Crouch, who established his mineral water factory in 1905. Found below the sea wall. The rubber ring which held the marble is visible in the neck.
Beer bottle

Beer bottle

Hand-made beer bottle, in amber glass, for the Shrewsbury and Wem Brewery Company Ltd (established 1898). Cork top. Base worn through re-use.
Beer Bottle

Beer Bottle

Early machine-made beer bottle for the Shrewsbury and Wem Brewery Company Ltd. (Cork neck.)
Beer Bottle

Beer Bottle

Beer bottle for W. W. Humphreys of Shrewsbury. It would have taken a cork.
Wine Bottle

Wine Bottle

Bottle for wine or beer. English, 1870s. Found in the mud below the sea wall at Burnham-on-Crouch.
Codd Bottle

Codd Bottle

J. F. Harrington, Southen-on-Sea, Codd bottle for mineral water. The marble functioned as a stopper and a valve, to keep the gas from escaping.
Clotted Cream Pot

Clotted Cream Pot

Tucker’s Devonshire Clotted Cream pot. Blue transfer on white. 1880s. Discarded c. 1910 in labourers’ rubbish, Kent, having travelled via Devon and London.
Potted Meat Pot

Potted Meat Pot

Potted Meat pot for G. W. Plumtree of Southport, whose factory moved to 13 Railway Street in or after 1895.
Fruit Juice Bottles

Fruit Juice Bottles

Fruit juice bottles for Gill of Bristol, Foster Clark of Maidstone and De Carle’s of Norwich. The Eiffel Tower pictorial trademark can be seen on Foster Clark’s bottle (centre).
Fruit Juice Bottles

Fruit Juice Bottles

Three burst-lip fruit juice bottles: left to right: Gill & Co of Bristol, Foster Clark of Maidstone and De Carle’s of Norwich. They cost four and a half pence each and contained enough powder to make 32 glasses of fruit juice cordial.
Sauce Bottle

Sauce Bottle

Sauce bottle, aqua-turquoise, embossed in two indented panels, ‘Fletcher’s Tiger Sauce’, with two panels blank, one flat for label. Tooled lip.
Mineral Water Bottle

Mineral Water Bottle

Base of a mineral water bottle, made in a semi-automatic blow-and-blow machine, showing a suction flaw (indent) in the side. The seam through the lip is aligned at 90 degrees to the main seam running up the body.
Stoneware Bottles and Jars

Stoneware Bottles and Jars

Assorted stoneware bottles mostly for furniture cream and ginger beer, with a couple of galley pots, ink bottles and cream jars, and two bottles for German mineral waters.
Coffee Bottle

Coffee Bottle

Machine-made, aqua bottle, embossed on three panels ‘Paterson’s, Ess[ence of] “Camp Coffee” & Chicory, Glasgow’, the fourth panel blank for the label. Various sizes were found in this deposit.
Early Machine-Made Bottles

Early Machine-Made Bottles

Two bottles made in an Owens automatic bottle machine, showing the distinctive suction scar on the base. Left: Paterson’s Essence of Camp Coffee and Chicory. Right: Perrier Water.
Paste Jar

Paste Jar

Moulded glass jar for meat or fish paste, bearing the registration number 612272 (for late 1912). Two were found in this deposit. Clear glass made with manganese oxide.
Lemonade Powder

Lemonade Powder

Rectangular aqua bottle, with tooled lip. ‘Chivers & Sons Ltd, Histon, Cambridge’. The Cambridge Lemonade’. Transported to Castle Rising by rail. The powder made up to 2 gallons (32 glasses) of lemonade.
Potted Meat Pots

Potted Meat Pots

Pots for the products of Robert Seager of Ipswich. Left: ‘Chicken and Ham’ (red transfer). Right: ‘Fine Potted Ham’ (black transfer). Transported to Castle Rising by rail.
Marmalade Pot

Marmalade Pot

‘Frank Cooper’s “Oxford” Home-Made Seville Marmalade, warranted pure’. Ceramic pot.
Ginger Beer Bottle

Ginger Beer Bottle

Green & Ledicott Ltd, Brewed Ginger Beer, Southend on Sea. Two-tone, transfer-printed ginger beer with original Green & Ledicott internal screw stopper.
Internal Screw Stopper

Internal Screw Stopper

Internal Screw Stopper, with rubber ring, embossed ‘T. Peatling & Sons, Kings Lynn’. From a beer or mineral water bottle. Vulcanite.
Bones

Bones

Bones from butchers’ cuts (pork/ lamb/ mutton/ beef). From the School House.
Soda Water

Soda Water

Egg-shaped ‘Hamilton’ bottles for soda water, made for the firms Caley & Son and Steward, Patteson and Finch, both of Norwich. These held cork stoppers and were kept on their sides, allowing the cork to remain moist (thereby preventing shrinkage). From...
Condiments

Condiments

Left: Crosse and Blackwell’s Mango Chutney, with remnants of label – imported ingredients Right: dried olives, with remnants of labels on neck and body – imported ingredients
Mason’s Extract

Mason’s Extract

Neck, shoulders and base of a bottle for Mason’s Extract (aqua). This contained a herb extract which could be added to soda water for making herb beer. From the School House.
Saucer

Saucer

Saucer with grey-blue banding decoration to the rim. From the School House.
Potted Meat Pots

Potted Meat Pots

Potted meat pots. Two fragments retain part of the transfer for Plumtree’s of Southport, one of the most widely distributed brands. At least three different pots are represented here. Pots like this were superseded by moulded glass jars in the 1910s. From the...
Pot

Pot

Pot for jam, marmalade or soup. From the School House, Bergh Apton. Some of these pots have a transfer-printed label, but there is no evidence that this one did. It would have had a paper label instead.
Small Tin

Small Tin

Small oval tin with lid, for spices or mustard powder (priced at one penny). It has fused to part of the firing mechanism of a shotgun. The object below is the trigger guard from the same shotgun. From Hempstead rectory.
Wine jug

Wine jug

Wine jug, showing grapes, missing a pewter lid. From Hempstead rectory.