Shaving brush

Shaving brush

The top of a two-piece (travelling?) shaving brush. The body is of bone, and there is an internal screw thread for the lower part (which is missing) to screw in to. The bristles have shrunk.
Turned wooden item

Turned wooden item

Turned wooden item, with grooves in the centre and rounded ends. Use unknown. Traces of copper staining at one end. The other end is damaged.
Knife handle

Knife handle

Bone handle from a knife, fork or spoon. The metal blade is missing. The side is split, which may have caused the tang to loosen and the blade to become dislodged.
Boot cream jar

Boot cream jar

Clear glass jar, with external screw thread, ground on top. Embossed on base ‘Propert’s, London’. Such jars contained boot cream or other creams and polishes. It is an early example of a jar with an external screw thread.
Hat polish and hair tonic bottles

Hat polish and hair tonic bottles

Left, bottle embossed down both side panels ‘Argonaut Reg.’, for hat polish. Right, bottle embossed down side panels ‘Floraline’/ ‘London’, corked with metal drizzler – a hair tonic product?
Statuette of man in chair

Statuette of man in chair

Mid-Victorian statuette of man in chair, crudely painted and made in the Staffordshire potteries – possibly a fairing. There are signs that the head (missing) had, in the past, been cemented back on.
Statue of man in Tudor dress

Statue of man in Tudor dress

Torso of statue of man in Tudor dress, with robe, thick padded sleeves, chain and medallion. Traces of gilding visible on parts; parts retain under-glaze colour. Possibly a Renaissance figure such as Henry VIII.
Furniture cream bottle

Furniture cream bottle

Small brown stoneware bottle with remnants of green and white label. Some words are visible: ‘…BBY [CR]EAM’, and on a line below ‘Fur[ni]ture’. Below this ‘[H]ELPER’, and on the bottom line ‘ONE PENNY’.
Hat polish bottle

Hat polish bottle

Unembossed aqua bottle with oval panels and remnants of labels in the panels. The front label identifies the contents as ‘Hat Polish’.
Disposable Lamp

Disposable Lamp

Light blue glass, burst-off lip, disposable lamp. These were sold containing oil/ paraffin, with a wick through the cork.
Paintbrush

Paintbrush

Paintbrush, minus the handle. The bristles are held together by copper wire wrapped around the top and covered by a thin metal band. The shaped shank is of wood. There is evidence of wear to the bristles.  ...
Herring basket clay pipe

Herring basket clay pipe

Clay pipe moulded in the shape of a wicker fishing basket with a herring swimming in through a hole at the base, where the bowl joins the stem.
Sherry Glass

Sherry Glass

Turned, machine-etched sherry glass, lacking the pedestal and part of the stem.
Specimen vase

Specimen vase

Sky-blue-glass specimen vase, with a clear-glass stem. Vases of this sort were for holding a single ‘specimen’ flower. The stem and pedestal foot are broken off.
Pipe mouthpiece

Pipe mouthpiece

Horn or similar material, double-tubed mouthpiece for a briar pipe. The fitting end is broken off.
Clay tobacco pipes

Clay tobacco pipes

Two clay tobacco pipe, one embossed with buffalo horns and RAOB (Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes), the other with leaf decoration up the seam and a heart, wreathed, beneath the sun, on one side, and a hand, wreathed, beneath the sun, on the other. The first pipe...
Farthing, 1894

Farthing, 1894

Copper-alloy farthing – a quarter of a penny – dated 1894. Found in a layer of rubbish deposited in...
Ink bottle

Ink bottle

Greenish glass, square ink bottle, with four pen-rests moulded into the top, and with a burst-off lip for a tight-fitting cork held in place with wax. Bottles of ink of this size cost a penny and were widely available.
Brush

Brush

Brush for scrubbing mud off boots or for general household scrubbing. Thick stiff bristles are secured in groups by trace remains of copper wire. They are much worn down, showing why the brush was thrown...
Sponge-printed bowl

Sponge-printed bowl

Part of an under-glaze-printed bowl. The pattern has been created by repeat printing with a sponge, carved block of potato, or similar.
Jet brooch

Jet brooch

Carved jet (or jet substitute) brooch, with remains of a fitted copper brooch plate and pin on the back.
Clay tobacco pipes

Clay tobacco pipes

Two clay tobacco pipes, possibly made by a Yarmouth pipemaker. One is decorated with fish scales going into a wicker basket. The other depicts fish or ripples swimming into a wicker basket (less crisply moulded). Designs of this sort may relate to the Yarmouth herring...
Milk-glass vase

Milk-glass vase

Blue milk-glass vase, moulded with drapery or ribbons and hanging flowers or berries. The pedestal base is broken off.
Hunting jug

Hunting jug

Mid-Victorian salt-glazed spring-moulded hunting jug, with the mouldings depicting Toby Belcher (holding a frothing jug and glass, with pipe on the table), a second man sitting on a barrel, head in hand (with a frothing jug and pipe on table), an oak tree, a windmill,...
Buffalo clay pipe (side)

Buffalo clay pipe (side)

Buffalo clay pipe, with the acronym RAOB (Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes) and a buffalo’s face, with evidence, in the form of burn-marks, that the pipe has been smoked.
Buffalo clay pipe

Buffalo clay pipe

Clay pipe with the acronym RAOB (Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes) and a buffalo face embossed.
Borax pot lid (underside)

Borax pot lid (underside)

Borax pot lid (London and Birmingham) with blue advertising design, underside. Both top and bottom have the brand name on them.
Borax pot lid

Borax pot lid

Heavy ceramic pot lid for ‘Borax’ (London and Birmingham), with blue printed advertising design on both sides. Top side is shown.
Ceramic handle knob

Ceramic handle knob

Ceramic knob-bead with remains of metal fitting running through it, from the middle of a drawer or cupboard handle.
Cherub riding a shoe

Cherub riding a shoe

A cheap, white ceramic ornament, partly painted. A cherub is riding or sitting on a shoe, which has floral/ sea-shell moulding. It may have been a spill-holder or specimen vase or merely an ornament. The missing part of the shoe may have borne a legend commemorating...
Impressed stoneware bottle (fragment)

Impressed stoneware bottle (fragment)

Fragment of a large impressed stoneware bottle – possibly a porter bottle or a veterinary bottle. The upper line of text begins with the word ‘ROYAL’. The lower line begins with an address ’86, LOW…’.
Hot water bottle

Hot water bottle

Stoneware hot water bottle (foot warmer). It is missing its screw-in stopper, which would also have been stoneware. A fragment of another foot warmer can be seen in the top left of the photograph.
Cleaning fluids bottles

Cleaning fluids bottles

Brown glass bottles for cleaning fluids/ products, including ‘Jeyes Fluid’ and ‘Lysol’. From Holme Hale Hall.
Poison bottles

Poison bottles

Assorted poison bottles (i.e. bottles for poisonous substances), from Holme Hale Hall.
Farthing, 1908

Farthing, 1908

A copper-alloy farthing (quarter of a penny) dated 1908, showing the head of Edward VII. Found amid rubbish from the 1920s in a midden at Holme Hale Hall, Norfolk.
Hot water bottle

Hot water bottle

Hot water bottle, stamped with the name ‘HARRY TYCE/ DAVEY PLACE STEPS/ NORWICH’ – damaged.
Curtain ring

Curtain ring

Copper alloy curtain ring – found on its own (i.e. not with a load of others that might signify a dumped curtain)
Assorted glass and ceramic waste 1870s

Assorted glass and ceramic waste 1870s

Bottle glass, blue and white transfer-printed serving dishes, drinking glasses (fragmentary), broken ‘Hamilton’ bottles (bottom right corner), cut glass tumblers (above the ‘Hamiltons’), and a medicine bottle above them. All discarded at...
Pub flagon

Pub flagon

Fragment of a nineteenth-century slab-sealed flagon impressed with the name ‘B. Bowlen, Horseshoes Inn, Roydon’ (Norfolk). This was over fifty years old when it was discarded, apparently already broken, although other flagons were thrown away intact. The...
Lion tureen knob

Lion tureen knob

Blue and white ceramic tureen knob in the shape of a lion. Moulded by someone who had only a vague idea of what a lion looked like.
Washstand Basin

Washstand Basin

Ceramic washstand basin, with transfer-printed classical design in red/ brown, showing female classical figures, possibly the muses. Discarded (broken) at Brockdish rectory, 1870s or earlier
Broseley Tiles

Broseley Tiles

Broken tiles made at the Broseley factory in Shropshire. Similar but not identical to tiles used in the rectory and church, these may have been samples. One has a simple floral design. The other shows a bird, possibly an eagle.
Assorted rubbish 1870s

Assorted rubbish 1870s

Assorted rubbish from the rectory, discarded in the 1870s. The reddish glazed pottery fragments, centre right, are from utilitarian mixing bowls made of local earthenware (redware) and finished with a lead glaze. This sort of ware was produced until the middle years...
Ceramic tableware 1870s

Ceramic tableware 1870s

Left: fragments of blue and white willow-pattern plates. One piece is fused within a piece of clinker, showing that a layer of rubbish had been burned at a very high temperature (possibly as fuel to fire a furnace used for some industrial process during the...
Stoneware ink bottles

Stoneware ink bottles

Large and small cream stoneware ink bottles. The two on the left may have contained ticket or label ink. The large one was a master ink, made by Doulton, Lambeth (stamped bottom right). It was found to be broken but seems to have been discarded intact. The scale is in...
Household rubbish 1870s

Household rubbish 1870s

An assemblage of household rubbish discarded in the 1870s at Brockdish rectory. Top left (from left to right): clinker, oyster shells, small bones, green glass German mineral water bottle fragments and aqua glass English wine/ ale bottle fragments, ‘black’...
Victorian brass pins

Victorian brass pins

Brass mid-Victorian pins, found on a patch of black silt with mid-Victorian refuse on the south bank of the Thames foreshore, along from the Globe. They were used to pin cloth by seamstresses and were probably attached to off-cuts when discarded.
Poison Bottle

Poison Bottle

Green glass poison bottle with star embossing, found amid 1920s refuse at Ringstead. It contains remnants of a white substance. Poison bottles of this sort held any substances that were poisonous (including silver polish). During the 1910s and 1920s they were used for...
Muff Warmer

Muff Warmer

The “Adaptable” Hot Water Bottle for muff or pocket. Stoneware muff warmer by Doulton of Lambeth. The metal ring to suspend it by the neck is missing (presumably rusted away).
Mystery wooden object

Mystery wooden object

Turned cylindrical wooden object with a groove around the edge of the flat surface and a hole through the middle. Found amid domestic ash and waste of the 1890s.
Tool Handle

Tool Handle

A wooden tool handle, with a bore hole for the metal part of the tool. This handle has been attacked by woodworm and may have been replaced with a new one and discarded (hence the absence of the metal part of the tool). It survived in waterlogged ash and domestic...
Field’s Ink Bottle

Field’s Ink Bottle

Cream/ white ink bottle with a pouring lip, impressed on one side ‘Field/ London’, and on the other with a stamp of J, Bourne & Son of the Denby Potteries near Derby. The item is shown prior to cleaning.
Footwarmers

Footwarmers

Stoneware foot warmers. These were filled with hot water and used as foot warmers before the invention of the rubber hot water bottle. When rubber bottles came in, people began to discard the stoneware ones. Ginger beer bottles, like the one shown, were also used as...
Diamond Jubilee Mug

Diamond Jubilee Mug

Mug celebrating Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee, 1837-97. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Pot Base

Pot Base

Ceramic pot base for cold cream, toothpaste or similar. When found, it contained a wooden cotton reel, which appears to have been thrown away inside it. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Mystery Object

Mystery Object

Flat bone disc with a hole through the centre. Is it part of the teat fitting for a baby’s feeding bottle?
Poison Bottle

Poison Bottle

Hexagonal ribbed cobalt-blue glass bottle for poison or poisonous substances, embossed ‘Not to be Taken’.
Military Water Bottles

Military Water Bottles

World War I blue enamel army issue water bottles (also known a canteens). They came in canvas holders with a strap and a cork. Discarded after the end of the war in the early 1920s.
Lion Tureen Lid Knob

Lion Tureen Lid Knob

Knob/ handle from the top of a tureen lid, in the shape of a lion (poorly cast). From ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Ink Bottles

Ink Bottles

Stoneware ink bottles for the firm Hollis & Son, of 14 Old Street London. The bottle on the left has a salt glaze, that on the right a thick brown liquid glaze.
Pots for pastes/ cosmetics

Pots for pastes/ cosmetics

Ceramic pot bases. The one on the left (missing lid) probably contained meat or fish paste, relish or shaving cream. The one on the right might have contained toothpaste or cold cream. Note how little it contained! This was a ploy by the seller, ensuring that the...
Earthenware Bottle

Earthenware Bottle

Jar or bottle with lead glaze over a brown slip. The handle is missing and the lip damaged. This is an early piece but how early? Discarded in the 1920s.
Ginger Jars

Ginger Jars

Two jars for keeping ginger (minus their lids) and a cut glass pedestal bowl.
The War Time Butter Dish

The War Time Butter Dish

The War Time Butter Dish: The message reads: ‘Special Message From The Rt Hon D. Lloyd George, Prime Minister: “I have no hesitation in saying that economy in the consumption of food in this country is a matter of the greatest possible importance to the...
Blackwood’s Patent Syphon

Blackwood’s Patent Syphon

Blackwood’s Patent Syphon ink bottle, with distinctive pouring lip and hole to rear of neck. Fragmentary bottles of this and the larger size were also found amid rubbish from the early 1880s.
Staffordshire Dog

Staffordshire Dog

Pearlware Staffordshire dog’s head, holding a basket of flowers in its mouth, c. 1840. Discarded before 1883.
Cup containing red lead paint

Cup containing red lead paint

A transfer-printed blue and white cup, missing the handle. In the bottom is the remnants of red lead paint, which was a standard primer for coating steel. A decision had been made to use the cup for paint as its final service, possibly because the handle had already...
Cat Ornament

Cat Ornament

Small ceramic ornament in the shape of a table, with two cats peeking out from underneath. The top of the ornament, now damaged, had a row of three teacups and saucers with three tabby cats crouched over the top of them licking off the cream. Found amid ash and...
Mystery Patent Bottle

Mystery Patent Bottle

Mystery patent bottle, embossed Lawrence & Hawkins Patent, with a metal external screw-on cap with the remains of a brush in the top. Inside the bottle is what appears to be a large rubber washer, which is too large to have gone through the neck unless it was...
Pub Mugs

Pub Mugs

Mocha ware half-pint ceramic pub mugs, stamped with the royal cipher. Discarded before 1883.
Faith, Hope and Charity Statuette

Faith, Hope and Charity Statuette

Plain white ceramic religious ornament involving three women/ angels carrying a cross, an anchor and a heart, these figure representing faith, hope and charity respectively. The base is damaged. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Cotton Reels

Cotton Reels

Wooden cotton reels. The smaller one was found inside a pot base, the two seemingly have been discarded together. They survived in waterlogged ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Specimen Vase

Specimen Vase

Many different colours of glass are brought together in this specimen vase (for a single flower), the top of which has broken off. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Wooden Dolly Pegs

Wooden Dolly Pegs

Hand-turned wooden dolly pegs for hanging out clothes on the washing line, found in waterlogged ash mixed with domestic waste from the 1890s. Sometimes these pegs were made by gypsies. Normally wooden items do not survive.
Hot Water Bottle

Hot Water Bottle

Stoneware ‘Adaptable Hot Water Bottle’, made at the Fulham Pottery, London. It would have had a screw-in stopper. The remains of the metal handle are visible. The hot water bottle was found with another, Doulton ‘brick’ shape hot water bottle....
Marmalade Jar, Re-used for Paint

Marmalade Jar, Re-used for Paint

Large Keiller’s Dundee Marmalade jar made by Maling of Newcastle. The jar was already old, worn and much re-used before it was finally re-used for oil paint and discarded. Remnants of the paint remain inside. Discarded in 1908 after the death of Mary...
Vet’s Bottle

Vet’s Bottle

Aqua glass vet’s bottle embossed ‘The only/ Genuine/ Day, Son and Hewitts/ Gaseous Fluid/ London’. This was a favourite remedy for horses, cattle and sheep. Two of these bottles were found; the other one was broken. Discarded in 1908 after the death...
Tiny Chinese Specimen Vase

Tiny Chinese Specimen Vase

Tiny white ceramic specimen vase, painted with red floral decoration, made for the Chinese export market. This was one of three oriental vases discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908, probably because her daughters did not share her tastes. Other crockery...
Dinner Plate

Dinner Plate

Worn dinner plate with transfer-printed decoration in light blue. Like much of the crockery in the deposit, this old unwanted plate may have been discarded intact. Dumped after the death of Mary Everett in 1908.
Teapot Lid

Teapot Lid

Teapot lid with mottled brown and white slip. Teapot lids were commonly discarded intact, if the teapot itself had broken. No doubt the coincidence of a lid from a broken teapot fitting a pot without a lid was too rare for lids to be kept for that eventuality. Dumped...
Serving Dish

Serving Dish

Part of a large serving dish, with transfer-printed light blue floral and scroll pattern. Discarded with old and worn crockery after the death of Mary Everett in 1908.
Pie Dish

Pie Dish

Most of a white ceramic pie dish, heavily crazed through use and exposure to heat. Only two pieces were found, but the rest may be still buried in the dump. This was one of a number of pieces of old and worn crockery that were discarded, probably intact, after the...
Oriental Vase

Oriental Vase

White ceramic oriental vase with blue and white painted decoration, discarded with two others after the death of Mary Everett in 1908.
Oriental Vase

Oriental Vase

Imported oriental white ceramic flower vase, with transfer-printed design in blue, showing human figures and animals. This was one of at least three small imported oriental vases discarded, in 1908, after the death of Mary Everett, along with old and worn crockery....
Sprig-Moulded Teapot

Sprig-Moulded Teapot

Teapot, with hunting scenes (man and dogs) in white sprig relief set against green enamel. A small rivet hole shows that the item had been repaired at some time before it was discarded. Victorian. Dumped with generally old and worn crockery after the death of Mary...
Pouring Ink Bottles

Pouring Ink Bottles

Stoneware ink bottles. The brown ones are 11.5 cm tall (with slight variation) and were made after 1895 by Lovatt & Lovatt, Langley Mill, Nottingham. They are not as well made as earlier ink bottles by firms such as Doulton, who trade Lovatt and Lovatt and others...
Ink Bottles

Ink Bottles

Ink bottles, in different colours, with recesses in the shoulders for pens to rest, and with burst-off lips. The two in the front row still retained some of the sealing wax, used to secure the cork, around the lip. The broken green one, front left, is embossed...
Hauthaway’s Gloss Bottle

Hauthaway’s Gloss Bottle

Aqua glass bottle, 12.7 cm tall, embossed on three sides: ‘Hauthaway’s/ Peerless Gloss/ Made in U.S.A’. Hauthaway’s company, established in 1852, manufactured protective coatings for shoes. The bottles come in different colours. Some have the...
Furniture Cream Bottle

Furniture Cream Bottle

‘Stephenson Brothers, Bradford/ Furniture Cream’ embossed on shoulder of this clear-glass bottle. In 1908, when this bottle was discarded, glass was beginning to supersede stoneware, although the Stephenson Brothers still sold their famous product in the...
Sewing Machine Oil Bottle

Sewing Machine Oil Bottle

Clear glass long-necked bottle, 11 cm tall. 3.6 cm wide, embossed ‘Super’ on base, and retaining sticky black residue. It would have contained sewing machine oil, manufactured by Singer. Dumped with much of its contents intact in 1908 after the death of...
Chutney and Preserves Jars

Chutney and Preserves Jars

These jars were discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908. The 2 ounce Bovril bottle is for size comparison. Left, a chutney or pickle jar in aqua glass, 20 cm tall, 6.7 cm wide at the shoulder, with the base separately moulded and the numeral 1337 embossed on...
Bottles and Crockery

Bottles and Crockery

More bottles and crockery from Falkenham, found on the second day of the dig. This selection was dumped in 1908. The bottles are mostly non-reusable. The crockery is mostly worn or low-grade.
Assorted Bottles and Crockery

Assorted Bottles and Crockery

Various bottles and mostly low grade crockery dumped in 1908 after the death of Mary Everett. None of the bottles from this site was made in an automatic bottle machine. Much of the crockery was old or worn, and few if any useful items had been discarded.
Half Gallon Flagon

Half Gallon Flagon

Half gallon (2 quart) flagon, in the bottom of the trench. The handle is missing, and the flagon is cracked but usable. These flagons were kept for home-made wine, beer and cider.
Half Gallon Flagon

Half Gallon Flagon

Stoneware half gallon (2 quart) flagon, incised ‘R. Miller & Son, Ipswich’, made by Doulton of Lambeth before 1898. Discarded in a clear-out following the death of Mary Everett in 1908. These were filled with cider or beer and taken into the fields by...
Oil Lamp Stand

Oil Lamp Stand

A milk glass oil lamp stand in the bottom of the trench, cleared out after the death of Mary Everett in 1908.
Tins and Hip Flask

Tins and Hip Flask

The tin with a perforated top contained scouring powder for scrubbing doorsteps, polishing cutlery or the like. The other tin is missing its lid. The pocket hip flask was for spirits.
Giant Ink Bottles

Giant Ink Bottles

Two stoneware brown glaze quart + capacity pouring master ink bottles, stamped ‘Doulton, Lambeth’.
Souvenir Cup

Souvenir Cup

Transfer-printed cup, with pink, blue and gold colouring, showing the Clarkson Monument and General Post Office, Wisbech. Chipped but intact when discarded in Essex.
Stoneware Bottles

Stoneware Bottles

Tapering stonware bottles for drugs, condiments or polish. The one on the left, from Great Wakering, has been in a destructor, which has caused the glaze to melt. Iron oxide stains and other accretions are visible on the surface. The other, from Hadleigh, came from a...
Ink Bottles

Ink Bottles

Aqua boat inks with burst-off lips. The recesses in the shoulder were for resting the pen. These came with corks sealed with sealing wax, and sold for a penny each. The one on the right is still full of river mud.
Gold Leaf Paint Bottle

Gold Leaf Paint Bottle

Heavy cream-coloured stoneware bottle made by Doulton, Lambeth, for gold leaf paint. Drips of paint are preserved around the lip and on the interior.
Uniform Buttons

Uniform Buttons

Brass moulded buttons from uniforms, and a gilt snake clasp from an officer’s belt. The buttons include regimental buttons for the 20th, 78th (depicting an elephant), and 85th (light infantry). There is also a uniform button for the London District Post...
Ally Sloper Clay Pipe

Ally Sloper Clay Pipe

Ally Sloper was a popular Victorian cartoon character. Here his head adorns a clay pipe, with his nose serving as the spur. The pipe has been in a destructor.
Tiny Jar

Tiny Jar

A tiny clear glass jar with a burst-off lip. It has been partly melted in a destructor.
Tiny Bottles

Tiny Bottles

Tiny clear glass bottles. The one on the left is embossed with a trademark and the words ‘Extra Quality’. These words are found on a variety of bottles for Singer’s sewing machine oil.
Beads

Beads

Beads mostly made of glass, milk glass and jet. Some would have been in strings or attached to clothing when discarded.
Buttons

Buttons

A variety of buttons made of bone, mother of pearl, milk glass, china and wood. Many would have been attached to items to clothing when thrown away.
Jet Accessories

Jet Accessories

Jet buttons, pendants, hat-pin heads, etc. Jet was especially popular during the years Victoria spent mourning for Prince Albert. Whitby was a main centre for the industry.
Jet Buttons

Jet Buttons

Hand- or machine-cut jet buttons are found on some late Victorian sites. Jet became particularly popular during Queen Victoria’s period of mourning after the death of Prince Albert. The buttons may have been attached to items of clothing when thrown away.
Ink Bottle

Ink Bottle

Greenish/ turquoise ink bottle. These are commonly found in rubbish dumps from the 1910s.
Case Inkwell

Case Inkwell

Glass inkwell in brass case, comprising a hinged lid and fitting with incised decoration and a caddy, which sat in a mount. From a writing box or desk.
Inkwell

Inkwell

Ground glass inkwell with pewter fitting for hinged lid (which is missing). Found in dredgings behind an old farm house.
Stamp Dampener

Stamp Dampener

Unidentified desktop object, possibly a stamp dampener (with small bowl for sponge), or the lid of an ornate inkwell. The bottom, or top, is not flat. Cut glass, with copper alloy rim, and dotting decoration on latter. Found in dredgings behind an old farm...
Bird Feeder

Bird Feeder

Free-blown clear glass bird feeder, with decorative top. Trough broken. This would have stood or been suspended in in a birdcage.
Wedding Cake Support

Wedding Cake Support

Plain white hollow ceramic column for supporting one tier of a wedding cake (along with two or three others).
Pug’s Head

Pug’s Head

Pugs were popular in the Victorian era. Small white ceramic pug statuettes were common and often came in pairs. The body would have been standing on four legs, with the head turned to face you.
Door Knob

Door Knob

Ceramic and copper alloy door knob from a small cupboard or drawer.
Religious Ornament

Religious Ornament

Shrine statuette of praying figures (Mary and John?) facing, before Christ on the Cross. Cherubs and a cross adorn the canopy. Some orange-yellow over-glaze paint has been applied to the base of the shrine and the cherubs’ wings.
Patent Pyramid Food Warmer

Patent Pyramid Food Warmer

Part of the lid from Samuel Clarke’s Patent Pyramid Food Warmer and Night Light. This was a lidded jug with a small metal stand, holding a night light, which heated it from below. It was used in the nursery for boiling milk (to kill bacteria), keeping food warm...
Hindu Brooch

Hindu Brooch

Copper alloy gilt brooch, showing Vishnu reclining on the serpent Ananta. The pin is missing. Victorian London had a small Hindu population.
Poison Bottle

Poison Bottle

Hexagonal cobalt poison bottle, with ribbing on two panels and ‘Not to be Taken’ embossed on a third. The shape, design and ribbing all helped to distinguish such bottles from medicine bottles and others that might easily be confused with them.
Small Plate

Small Plate

The rim of a small plate, transfer-printed in brown with assorted decoration.
Green Majolica Plates

Green Majolica Plates

Fragments of two moulded green majolica plates, for fruit/ dessert. c. 1860s/70s, decorated with strawberry plants, stippling and basketwork designs.
Eggcups

Eggcups

Plain white ceramic eggcups. Both have slight damage in the form of chips and a hairline crack, but both are still serviceable.
Ladle Bowl

Ladle Bowl

The bowl of a ceramic ladle, with a dark green transfer print showing a bee alighting on a flower.
Clay Pipes

Clay Pipes

Clay pipes: an animal (top); an Irish pipe with harp and shamrock on other side (middle), and the maker Parnell (bottom).
Buffalo Bill Clay Pipe

Buffalo Bill Clay Pipe

Clay pipe made in 1887 to commemorate Buffalo Bill’s performance to the queen on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee. Stem incised [… Q]ueens Buffalo Bill.
Maharajah Clay Pipe

Maharajah Clay Pipe

Clay pipe bowl moulded as the head of a maharajah or one of the three wise men from Matthew’s Gospel.
Prince of Wales Clay Pipe

Prince of Wales Clay Pipe

Kaolin pipe bowl showing Edward, crowned as Prince of Wales. The other side shows Princess Alexandra. The second bowl (right) bears the symbol of the Crossed Keys. Originally a papal emblem, it attached to many pubs, and this pipe may have been purchased at a pub of...
Harvest Jug

Harvest Jug

Two-tone salt-glaze stoneware harvest jug, showing a figure like Uncle Toby, with hat and pipe. Other common scenes are hops, hunting figures (dogs, foxes, hares, etc), shooting, game birds, grapes, and pub scenes, with figures sitting with tankards and pipes....
Wedgwood, Diamond Registration Mark

Wedgwood, Diamond Registration Mark

The underside of a Wedgwood plate, showing the diamond registration mark. The numeral IV in the loop at the top signifies the ‘class’ or material, in this instance ‘clay ware’. The letter V in the right corner is for the year 1876, the letter A...
Red Majolica Tile

Red Majolica Tile

Moulded tile, red majolica. Such tiles were used not only on floors but also on fireplace surrounds, washstands, and to decorate hallways, porches and public houses.
Black African Man Clay Pipe

Black African Man Clay Pipe

Clay pipe bowl moulded as the head of a Black African man. Novelty bowls were sometimes sold or given away at pubs whose names they represented. This one may have been smoked at a pub called ‘The Black’s Head’ or similar. (There is still one with...
Patience Mug

Patience Mug

Mug with proverb ‘Little strokes fell great oaks’, depicting a man cutting down a tree. The maxim on the other side, with its illustration, has been lost. It ended in ‘[?ho]use’. This is very similar to the ‘Temperance Mug’ (see...
Floral Jug

Floral Jug

Fragment of a jug with floral decoration. Transfer, coloured by hand.
Napoleon Bonaparte Washbowl

Napoleon Bonaparte Washbowl

Blue transfer on white, showing Napoleon crossing the alps (after painting by Carle Vernet) and scrolls listing his victories, including [Maren]go, Jena, Austerlitz, and M[ontebello]. The pattern called ‘Napoleon’s Victories’, by William Smith &...
Temperance Mug

Temperance Mug

Transfer-printed pictorial mug with maxims, including ‘When the drink is in the wit is ou[t]’, and another, which has been lost. Both principles are illustrated in (comic?) scenes above.
Decorative Tiles

Decorative Tiles

Technology for mass-produced polychrome under-glaze transfer-printing was being developed in Fenton c. 1850. After that, multi-coloured transfer images on pot lids, jars, vases, plates and tiles became much more common. These tiles display Arts and Crafts...
Ink Bottle

Ink Bottle

Burst lip ribbed ink bottle with recess for pen and smooth section for label.
Tiny Cement Bottles

Tiny Cement Bottles

Two tiny aqua/blue bottles for ‘Marshall’s Giant Cement’. The left one found at Hadleigh. The other, on the foreshore in London.
Coronation Plate

Coronation Plate

Part of a blue glass plate, showing the crown of St Edward. This was made to commemorate the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887.
Hauthaway’s Gloss Bottle

Hauthaway’s Gloss Bottle

Aqua protective varnish bottle, embossed on two side ‘Hauthaway’s / Peerless Gloss’. Cork top. This American company made protective coatings for footwear.
Dutch Clay Pipe

Dutch Clay Pipe

Made in Holland, smoked in London, dumped in Essex. Dutch clay pipes are distinctive because the bowl sits at about 45 degrees to the stem. This one is in the shape of a tulip – another Dutch import to Victorian London.
Burnt Clay Pipes

Burnt Clay Pipes

Clay pipes that have been through a London Destructor, dumped in Essex. In the intense heat they have fused with cinders and molten glass. Top left, bowl of grapes design. Centre and top right, a thorn design. Bottom centre, a coat of arms. Bottom left, a football...
Clay Pipes

Clay Pipes

Kaolin pipes, smoked in London and dumped in Essex. Top right, the ‘spur’ or ‘heel’ of the pipe is Ally Sloper, a Victorian cartoon character. Centre left: a basketwork design.
Clay Pipes

Clay Pipes

Pipes from late Victorian dumps in Essex, originally discarded in London. Top left: twisted stem, and an angler’s pipe, on which a pike lurking in the reeds swallows the stem. Then three pipes of the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes (RAOB). Below,...
Bottle for Blue

Bottle for Blue

Bottle made by Joseph Bourne & Son at the Denby pottery near Derby. Blue was used to whiten laundry.
Bottle for Blue

Bottle for Blue

Brown stoneware, incised ‘Glessen Blue’, with a stamp from Bourne of Denby. This contained blue, which could be mixed with the wash to whiten the linen.
Assorted Victorian Rubbish

Assorted Victorian Rubbish

Rubbish from a Victorian pit, including part of a blacking bottle, marked ‘blacking bottle’. This was stamped on bottles in the period 1817-34 to show that they were exempt from the levy on stoneware bottles. The fragmentary glass coffin-shaped bottle in...
Large Kettle

Large Kettle

Large kettle for brewing up tea on the stove or for hanging over the fire. From labourer’s rubbish found in a privy pit in Griston. The item in front is a mole trap. The item front right is a part of a range.
Ink Bottles

Ink Bottles

Two stoneware ink bottles, showing a slightly larger variant in bluish creamy grey.
Shoes

Shoes

Labourers’ shoes. Leather with copper alloy eyelets.
Early Stoneware Bottle

Early Stoneware Bottle

Early stoneware bottle, with rough salt glaze. Use uncertain. Protruding string rim for tying on a cork. Found in the Thames.
Sewing Machine Oil Bottle

Sewing Machine Oil Bottle

Clear glass bottle for ‘Extra Quality Machine Oil’ from the Singer Co., Manufacturers. The top of the neck is broken off. Below it is a child’s slate pencil and a child’s thimble.
Pouring Ink Bottle

Pouring Ink Bottle

Cream-coloured stoneware ink with pouring lip and indecipherable potter’s mark. Two were found in the rector’s privy pit.
Blacking Bottle

Blacking Bottle

Large blacking bottle with typical flared lip, used for stove blacking, boot blacking, and harness liquid.
Furniture Cream Bottle

Furniture Cream Bottle

Large aqua glass bottle for the Stephenson Brothers’ Furniture Cream, Bradford. These began to supersede their stoneware bottles after 1910.
Spill Holder

Spill Holder

Black glass spill holder, in the form of a classical column with drapery. Restored by author.
Tiny Glue Bottle

Tiny Glue Bottle

Tiny, clear glue or cement bottle, embossed ‘T. O. & Cos/ Mend All/ Reg[istere]d’. Cork top.
Ink or Dye Bottle

Ink or Dye Bottle

Small stoneware bottle, cork top. Found with a Codd bottle and a hand-made Bovril, among other items.
Ink Bottle

Ink Bottle

Light blue octagonal ink bottle, with a burst lip. These were sold at a penny each. Cork top.
Poison Bottle

Poison Bottle

Left: hexagonal cobalt poison bottle, ribbed on three sides, c. 1895. Hempstead. Right: smaller hexagonal cobalt poison, embossed ‘Not to be Taken’, discarded 1915-20 at Tilbury. Both are hand-made.
Eggcups

Eggcups

Eggcups with gold line decoration to rim and foot. From a set from the rectory at Hempstead.
Ginger Jar

Ginger Jar

Chinese blue and white hand-painted ginger jar, with lid. Imported.
Mocha Ware Mug

Mocha Ware Mug

Part of the top of a mocha ware pint mug, with blue, white and black bands. These were used in public houses as standard pint mugs.
Early Stoneware Ink Bottle

Early Stoneware Ink Bottle

Crude early stoneware ink bottle, possibly a kiln waster. Part of the lip and neck broke away before the bottle was glazed and fired. It may still have been used, with a cork kept in place by sealing wax. Found on the Thames foreshore.
Paste Jars

Paste Jars

Plain white ceramic jars for meat or fish paste, or possibly for glue.
Small Green Bottle

Small Green Bottle

Left: Green burst-lip bottle. Use uncertain. From London rubbish dumped in Leigh-on-Sea. Right: a machine-made triangular bottle, for coffee extract? Canterbury, 1910s.
Early Screw-Thread Jar

Early Screw-Thread Jar

Left: hand-made clear glass (Manganese) jar with external screw-thread and ground top, 1890s. Right (for comparison): machine-made aqua jar with external screw-thread, 1910s.
Dye Bottle

Dye Bottle

Aqua/blue dye bottle for ‘Judge Brand Co Ltd, Gateshead, Eng[land]’. Tooled lip. Remains of red/pink pigment inside.
Wash-Stand Crockery

Wash-Stand Crockery

Items from a wash-stand set, including a ewer, soap bowl and vase, decorated in gold and painted colours with birds and foliage. Doulton.
Stoneware Bottles and Jars

Stoneware Bottles and Jars

Assorted stoneware bottles mostly for furniture cream and ginger beer, with a couple of galley pots, ink bottles and cream jars, and two bottles for German mineral waters.
Advertising Tableware

Advertising Tableware

Advertising tableware, for ‘William Younger & Co’s Pale Ale, on draught’, ‘sold here’. The plinth bore a statuette or a match holder. Originally from a public house.
Pipe Stand

Pipe Stand

Pipe stand with slots for books of matches, advertising ‘Salt’s Pale Ale’, property of T. Salt & Co. of Burton-on-Trent. Originally from a public house.
Pipe Stand

Pipe Stand

Pipe stand, with slots to hold books of matches. Promotional advertising ware for ‘Salt’s Pale Ale, in bottles, on draught’. On base ‘The Property of T. Salt & Co Ltd, Burton-on-Trent’. Originally from a public house. Minton’s,...
Umbrella Stand

Umbrella Stand

Part of an umbrella stand. Grey salt-glazed stoneware with cobalt decoration (Rhenish style). Possibly Doulton.
Boot

Boot

Leather decorative strap from a woman’s boot, showing holes for the laces.
Tureens

Tureens

Bases from a set of tureens by Bishop & Stonier Ltd (1891-1936). The word ‘England’ was added in 1899, dating this set no earlier than that.
Crockery

Crockery

Pottery marks on plates, cups, etc, including Doulton, Alfred Meakin and Harrod’s (as retailer). 1890s-1910s.
Plate

Plate

Porcelain plate with pink enamel in gold borders and hand-painted bird.
Saucer

Saucer

Porcelain saucer, with blue floral decoration (similar to tea cup from Bergh Apton) and gold rim.
Tea Cup

Tea Cup

Exterior view of tea cup with silver-grey floral decoration.
Tea Cup

Tea Cup

White tea cup with transfer-printed floral decoration in silver-grey (interior and exterior).
Plate

Plate

White plate with manganese decoration to the rim (hand-painted).
Pot

Pot

Base of a pot or vase, with runny under-glaze colours.
Cup

Cup

White cup with floral design transfer-printed in red.
Plate

Plate

Spongeware, under-glaze decoration in manganese.
Glassware

Glassware

Glassware from the School House, including a turquoise cup, a stem and foot from wine or sherry glasses, a jug or mug handle, part of a sugar bowl and a lamp flue.
Tea Cup

Tea Cup

Tea cup, plain white with red band to the rim. Handle missing. From the School House.
Ink Bottles

Ink Bottles

Four ink bottles in aqua and green glass, with burst-off lips. These cost a penny each and came with corks which were often sealed with sealing wax. From the School House.
Pudding Bowls

Pudding Bowls

Pudding bowls, for steamed puddings. From the School House. These are found in almost every rubbish dump of this period.
Pie Dish

Pie Dish

Blue Willow Pattern Pie Dish, underside (showing crazing). From the School House.
Pie Dish

Pie Dish

Blue Willow Pattern Pie Dish, from the School House. Base has crazing, consistent with contact with hot surfaces.
Inkwell

Inkwell

Mounted inkwell from a writing box. Glass exterior, lined with white pigment or other substance, holding metal inkwell inside. Two metal bands attached to a metal back-plate held it in position.
Decorative Fitting

Decorative Fitting

Decorative fitting for a padded writing box or lady’s bag, with a keyhole. From the School House, Bergh Apton.
Vase

Vase

Small majolica flower vase, from the School House, Bergh Apton.
Tea Cup

Tea Cup

Plain white tea cup, ribbed design (base only). From the School House, Bergh Apton.
Crockery

Crockery

Assorted crockery from labourers’ rubbish, Kent. Mocha ware to the left, transfer-printed ware to the right (mostly in blue ‘Willow Pattern’). This type of crockery was cheaply manufactured and used universally. There is no hand-painted ware, which...
Corkscrew

Corkscrew

Bone-handled corkscrew, from labourers’ rubbish. The other object is a ceramic bottle stopper.
Mocha ware

Mocha ware

Fragments of Mocha ware jugs and bowls. The piece top right is from the base of a mug. The piece with green decoration, bottom right, is from the top of a chamber pot. This type of crockery was cheaply manufactured and widely used throughout the nineteenth century....
Crockery

Crockery

Assorted crockery from the rectory at Hempstead, including pottery and porcelain, some hand-painted, some transfer-printed, from the kitchen, dining room, bathroom and bedroom.
Wine jug

Wine jug

Wine jug, showing grapes, missing a pewter lid. From Hempstead rectory.