Toothbrush and toothpaste pot lid

Toothbrush and toothpaste pot lid

Wavy-grip left-handed bone toothbrush (no markings) and a lid for a pot of Wood’s Areca Nut toothpaste, price 6d. This is the most commonly found brand of toothpaste in rubbish dumps of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Perfume bottle

Perfume bottle

Clear glass bottle with crown-shaped moulded stopper, embossed ‘The Crown Perfumery Company, London’, with traces of red label on each side, bearing details of the...
German Eau de Cologne bottle

German Eau de Cologne bottle

Eau de Cologne bottle, from the firm of Johann Maria Farina, who founded a perfume works in the 18th century opposite Julich’s platz in Cologne. This bottle is for his No. 4. Clear glass.
Bone Toothbrushes

Bone Toothbrushes

Two bone toothbrushes. One is incised ‘Extra Fine Paris’ (referring to the quality of the bristles). The other is incised G. Bristow, Yarmouth. Kelly’s Directory for Norfolk, 1900, lists George Bristow, ‘hair dresser and sub-post office, 154...
Medicine bottles

Medicine bottles

Two unembossed medicine bottles, the one on the right retaining its hand-written label and remnants of brown contents.
Owbridge’s Lung Tonic

Owbridge’s Lung Tonic

Bluish smaller size for ‘Owbridge’s/ Lung Tonic/ Hull’ (embossed in panels). For coughs, colds, chest complaints etc.
Kay Brothers, Linseed Compound

Kay Brothers, Linseed Compound

Aqua glass bottle embossed in panels ‘Kay Brothers Ltd/ Linseed Compound (Trade Mark)/  Stockport’. This was marketed as a remedy for coughs, colds, chest complaints, bronchitis, asthma, consumption, influenza etc. Like Elliman’s Embrocation, it was...
Bottle for magnesia?

Bottle for magnesia?

Wide-mouthed cobalt blue glass bottle, possibly for granular citrate of magnesia, for curing stomach upsets.
Elliman’s Embrocation

Elliman’s Embrocation

Medicine bottle embossed ‘Elliman’s/ Universal/ Embrocation’ (Slough). The bottle would have had a glass stopper wedged in a cork ring.
Vaseline jar

Vaseline jar

Small clear-glass jar with external screw-thread and ground top. It contained remnants of a yellowish greasy substance like Vaseline or a chest rub. External screw-thread jars were rare at this date, only just coming in. They would have been expensive to make....
St Jacob’s Oil, for Rheumatism

St Jacob’s Oil, for Rheumatism

Aqua glass medicine bottle, embossed ‘St Jacob’s Oil/ The Charles A Vogeler Company/ London England’. This product was a liniment for treating rheumatism. It was also advertised as treating gout and other aches and pains.
Tiny perfume bottle

Tiny perfume bottle

Tiny clear-glass bottle embossed to front with tessellated diamond design. Probably for scent. Found by Ben Ross.
Tooth Powder pot lid

Tooth Powder pot lid

Rectangular pot lid with under-glaze transfer-printing in black: ‘Tooth Powder/ Henry Francis Partridge/ L.D.S. R.C.S. F.S.S./ Surgeon Dentist/ South Kensington’. Henry Francis Partridge is listed from at least 1879. In 1888 he was involved in a court case...
Medicine bottle

Medicine bottle

Aqua glass medicine bottle, embossed ‘R. F. Young/ New Barnet’, with gradations that seem to be for quantities of two tablespoons. Made by the York Glass Company (logo embossed on base).
Bromo-Seltzer bottle

Bromo-Seltzer bottle

Blue-glass, North American bottle, embossed ‘Bromo-Seltzer/ Emerson Drug Co/ Baltimore, MD (i.e. Maryland). Imported from the USA, discarded in Norfolk.
Virol jar

Virol jar

Virol jar, with lettering in black print. This was a nourishing food. The text says ‘Virol, a preparation of Bone-Marrow, an ideal fat food for children and invalids’.
Toiletries bottle

Toiletries bottle

Stoppered amber/ brown glass bottle for toiletries, perfume or possible photographic developing chemicals.
Russian Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Russian Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Transfer-printed pot lid, showing a single angry bear: ‘Genuine Russian Bear’s Grease – For Beautifying and Nourishing the Hair’ Exact provenance uncertain – north of England, 1880s site
Russian Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Russian Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Pot lid with printed design of bears against a mountainous backdrop: ‘Genuine Russian Bears’ Grease – for Increasing the Growth of Hair’. From an 1880s tip in Yorkshire.
Beef Extract Pot

Beef Extract Pot

‘Extractum Carnis “Liebig” – One Pound of this Extract contains thirty Pounds of Beef without fat Bone or tendon. To add to boiling water. C. Van Abbot, original importer, Cavendish Square, London, 2 ounces’. A small white ceramic pot...
Nature’s Herbal Ointment pot

Nature’s Herbal Ointment pot

Pot for ‘Nature’s Herbal Ointment’, dug from an ash dump of the 1870s near Leicester. This is the smaller size. At least one example of the larger size was excavated from the same dump.
Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Bear’s Grease Pot Lid

Large (4 shillings) size pot lid for James Atkinson’s Bear’s Grease – a pomade for the hair. Dug from a dump of c. 1885 in Rugby, Warwickshire. Genuine bear’s grease was imported from Russia.
Dandruff Pomade Pot Lid

Dandruff Pomade Pot Lid

Pot Lid for Woods ‘Dandruff Pomade, to be rubbed into roots of hair’. Price 1 shilling. Transfer-printed black and white design with text in multiple fonts. Found in an ash dump of the 1870s in Leicestershire.
Medicinal Phials

Medicinal Phials

Two small medicinal phials, one brown, one aqua. The aqua one, when found, contained a small carved wooden stick of some sort, which may have been to do with its contents. Found in a ditch filled in 1883.
Woods Toothpaste Pot Lid

Woods Toothpaste Pot Lid

Bottom section of a pot lid for Woods’ Areca Nut Toothpaste. W. Woods advertised himself as M.P.S. between the 1870s and 1890s. More commonly these letters do not appear after his name on his lids.
Local Cold Cream Pot Lid

Local Cold Cream Pot Lid

Printed pot lid for Sydney Count’s Otto of Rose Cold Cream (‘Chemist, Lynn’). Count took over William Wigg’s HIgh Street chemist shop in Lynn c. 1880 and commissioned his own lids for this product, although he is not known to have purchased...
Cold Cream Pot Lid

Cold Cream Pot Lid

Pot lid for cold cream with a generic Gothic design. These lids were cheaper for the vendor to order than lids with a name, address and brand printed on them.
Toothpaste Pot Lid

Toothpaste Pot Lid

Pot lid for S. Maw, Son and Thompson’s White Cherry Toothpaste. Found in a ditch that was filled in 1883.
Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lid

Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lid

Polychrome pot lid for John Gosnell’s Cherry Toothpaste (actually areca-nut flavoured toothpaste which was dyed pink). Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Cracroft’s Toothpaste Lid

Cracroft’s Toothpaste Lid

Pot lid for Cracroft’s toothpaste, sold by John Pepper. He is listed at the Tottenham Court Road address up to 1880. Found with domestic refuse in a ditch that was filled in 1883.
Cold Cream Pot Lid

Cold Cream Pot Lid

Fragment of a pot lid for cold cream with a generic design. It was cheaper for vendors to order generic lids of this type than to pay to have their own names and brands printed on the pot lid.
Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lid

Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lid

Black and white pot lid for John Gosnell’s Cherry Toothpaste, ‘Extra Moist’. Most of these lids were polychrome. The ‘Extra Moist’ ones are less common. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s.
Medicine Bottles

Medicine Bottles

Two medicine bottles. Left, light blue-green ‘Palmer’s Bronchial Linctus’. Palmer was a chemist in King’s Lynn. Right, light blue glass, ‘Beetham’s Glycerine and Cucumber’ (for the complexion). Found amid domestic ash and...
Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lids

Cherry Toothpaste Pot Lids

Lids for John Gosnell’s Cherry Toothpaste, picturing the young Queen Victoria. Cherry toothpaste was flavoured with areca nut and dyed pink. Discarded from Kirton Rectory. 1900s.
Jar for Powders

Jar for Powders

Glass jar with ceramic ‘button’ lid, for dental powder or similar. Found amid domestic waste. 1890s.
Medicine Phials

Medicine Phials

Medicine phials found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s. Left, Powell of Blackfriars. This clear-glass bottle has been affected by its burial in the ground, which has given it a black coating. Right, an unembossed mould-blown medicine phial.
Woods Toothpaste Pot Lids

Woods Toothpaste Pot Lids

Four pot lids for Wood’s Areca Nut Toothpaste, at 6d per pot. This is the commonest lid to turn up in old rubbish dumps. Found in black ash amid scavenged household waste of the 1890s.
Savar’s Feeding Bottle (Underside)

Savar’s Feeding Bottle (Underside)

Baby’s bottle, embossed on one side ‘Savar’s Registered Feeding Bottle’, with the Savar’s trademark on the other. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s, although it may have been old when discarded. (Item inverted to show...
Savar’s Registered Feeding Bottle

Savar’s Registered Feeding Bottle

Baby’s bottle, embossed on one side ‘Savar’s Registered Feeding Bottle’, with the Savar’s trademark on the other. Found amid ash and domestic refuse of the 1890s, although it may have been old when discarded.
Pearl Ointment Pot Lid

Pearl Ointment Pot Lid

Red/pink printed pot lid for Dr Wright’s Pearl Ointment, from the original recipe as purchased from A. Hawkes Esq, Dudley, by Zaccheus Hunter. The price is given as 2s 9d, and the address as 44 Webber Row. Discovered in a ditch that was filled in 1883.
Toiletries

Toiletries

Two small jars for cosmetics or toiletries. The one on the left is made of milk glass. The one on the right is embossed ‘Boots Cash Chemists’ and contained a greasy orange residue. It retained its rusted metal screw-on lid. Of 100 bottle necks sampled in...
Vet’s Bottle

Vet’s Bottle

Aqua glass vet’s bottle embossed ‘The only/ Genuine/ Day, Son and Hewitts/ Gaseous Fluid/ London’. This was a favourite remedy for horses, cattle and sheep. Two of these bottles were found; the other one was broken. Discarded in 1908 after the death...
Congreve’s Balsamic Elixir

Congreve’s Balsamic Elixir

Two bottles for Congreve’s Balsamic Elixir, discarded with other medicines after the death of Mary Everett in 1908. Both clear glass. The bottle on the right is an earlier design, embossed on all four panels: ‘Congreve’s / Celebrated Balsamic/...
Small Bottles

Small Bottles

Clear glass bottles, both retaining their corks and some of their contents (prior to cleaning). Judging by the contents, they held medicine of some sort. The one on the left is 7.7 cm tall. The thin one, right, is 6.3 cm tall. Dumped in 1908 after the death of Mary...
Cologne Bottle

Cologne Bottle

Clear glass Parisian perfume bottle, which contained Cologne. Embossed ‘Rue de la Cloche/ No. 4777A, Cologne’. Two were discovered among the rubbish discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908 (including a number of perfume and medicine bottles)....
‘Varalettes’ Bottle

‘Varalettes’ Bottle

Ice-blue flask shaped bottle, 8.5 cm tall, embossed ‘Varalettes’. Varalettes were effervescing lithia tablets for gout (as loosely defined), which were manufactured by the London chemist Alfred Bishop. Discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908...
Perfume Bottles

Perfume Bottles

Clear glass perfume bottles with ground interiors to the necks for taking glass stoppers. Left, a round bottle, 9 cm high, tapering slightly outwards from base up to the shoulder, with T & S/ L embossed on the base. Right, oblong bottle, 10.5 cm high, with...
Medicine Bottle

Medicine Bottle

Clear glass medicine bottle retaining cork and part of contents. Embossed on the base is a flat-cut diamond profile (a hexagon), containing the letters Y/G/ Co, for the glassworks. 12 cm tall and 4.7 cm wide at the shoulder. The same glassworks made three of the...
‘Tablespoons’ Medicine Bottle

‘Tablespoons’ Medicine Bottle

Ice-blue medicine bottle with gradations, embossed ‘Tablespoons’. It retains the cork and some of its contents. 15.5 cm tall, 6.1 cm wide at the shoulder. Discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908 along with other medicine bottles retaining some of...
Medicine Bottle

Medicine Bottle

Ice-blue medicine bottle, with cork lip, 17 cm tall, no markings. The profile is oval. Discarded after the death of Mary Everett in 1908.
Early Medicine Phial

Early Medicine Phial

A small, free-blown phial for medicine or pigment that was decades old when discarded. It may have been sitting around in a medicine chest or an artist’s paint box.
Ointment Pot

Ointment Pot

Plain white ceramic ointment pot. Originally it would have had a label. Discarded in London and dumped in Essex.
Hair Restorer Bottle

Hair Restorer Bottle

Cobalt blue bottle, embossed ‘The Mexican Hair Renewer’ down the narrow sides. The curved front and back bore the labels. Discarded in London and dumped in Essex.
Octagonal Phials

Octagonal Phials

These little octagonal bottles in cobalt blue or, less commonly, in amber brown are found in rubbish dumps from the 1910s. They may have contained eye-drops. (Information welcome.)
Sloan’s Liniment Bottle

Sloan’s Liniment Bottle

Clear glass bottle made with manganese oxide, embossed ‘3 Ounce/ Sloan’s Liniment/ Kills Pain’. Found in a bucket with other bottles including ‘Anzora’, a Codd bottle, and ‘Ad-le-burg’ mineral water, in a copse behind...
Bone Toothbrushes

Bone Toothbrushes

Bone toothbrushes, bristles missing. (These would have decayed in the ground.) Toothbrushes were a luxury. Poorer people would have cleaned their teeth with a stick or marshmallow root or rag and soot.
Otto of Rose Cold Cream Pot Lid

Otto of Rose Cold Cream Pot Lid

Otto of Rose Cold Cream pot lid, sold by J. M. Davis & Sons, at The International Pharmacy, with addresses in London. The product ‘will keep good in any climate for years’. The lid has been in a destructor (without excessive damage) and has suffered...
Rouge Holder

Rouge Holder

Ceramic disc, black transfer on white, bearing the name of the French perfumier Maison Dorin. This disc formed a hard base on which rouge and powder were compressed. Once the make-up had been used up, it was discarded. Made in Paris and shipped to England, it was sold...
Toothpaste Pot Lid

Toothpaste Pot Lid

Antiseptic Carnation Tooth Paste, prepared by W. T. Cooper, Chemist etc, 26 Oxford St. Black transfer on white, with decorative border.
Holloway’s Ointment Pot

Holloway’s Ointment Pot

‘Holloway’s Ointment’ pot. ‘For the cure of gout and rheumatism, inveterate ulcers, sore breasts, sore heads, bad legs, etc. Manufactured by the proprietor, 335 Oxford St.’ The pots came in five sizes of which this is the smallest at one...
‘Poor Man’s Friend’ Ointment Pot

‘Poor Man’s Friend’ Ointment Pot

‘Poor Man’s Friend’ ointment pot, small size, priced 1 shilling and 1 and a half pence. Blue transfer on white. Prepared by Beach and Barnicott, successors to Dr Roberts of Bridport. It contained active ingredients effective for the treatment of...
Salvation Army Soup Bowl

Salvation Army Soup Bowl

Part of a bowl, with a red transfer showing the logo of the Salvation Army (introduced in 1879), beneath the words ‘Food and Shelter’.
Anzora Hair Gel Bottle

Anzora Hair Gel Bottle

Clear glass hand-finished bottle from the Anzora Perfumery Co., London. For setting the hair. Found in a bucket with bottles including Sloan’s Liniment, Ad-le-Burg mineral water, and a Codd from J. F. Harrington.
Pills or Powder Bottle

Pills or Powder Bottle

Found in a bucket with other bottles including Sloan’s liniment, Anzora (perfumery), Ad-le-burg mineral water and a Codd bottle for J. F. Harrington. Buried in a copse behind cottages.
Medicine Bottle, Derby

Medicine Bottle, Derby

Aqua glass chemist’s bottle with recessed panels, embossed ‘Carefully prepared by Keybells, Derby’. Cork top.
Coloured Glass Stoppers

Coloured Glass Stoppers

Most bottle stoppers are clear or aqua glass, like the two pictured bottom right. These are more unusual in being coloured. Top left, two brown stoppers. Top right, two cobalt blue ones. Below, left, a black/purple stopper. These were probably from chemists’...
Mrs Winslow’s Soothing Syrup

Mrs Winslow’s Soothing Syrup

Aqua phial, embossed ‘Mrs Winslow’s Soothing Syrup/ Curtis and Perkins/ Proprietors’. Several were found in this deposit. Branded ‘The Mother’s Friend’, nicknamed ‘babykiller’, this contained morphine and was used to...
Owbridge’s Lung Tonic

Owbridge’s Lung Tonic

Left: medium-size Owbridge’s bottle, c. 1910, Marshbrook. Right: small Owbridge’s bottle, discarded 1915-20, Tilbury. The firm was based in Hull and sold its products all over the country. The smaller bottle was discarded in London and then dumped in...
Hair Tonic Bottle

Hair Tonic Bottle

Brown glass bottle embossed ‘Rusby’s Ltd/ Hairdressers/ Great Windmill Street W. 1.’ For hair tonic/ restorer. The cork has a metal cap with drizzle tube, so that the contents could be poured in small quantities.
Medicine Bottles

Medicine Bottles

Three plain medicine bottles, two in aqua/blue, the third in clear glass, all made by the same glassworks (stamp embossed on base). The two on the left are for cough syrups or the like. The smaller one on the right is for pills.
Medicine Bottles

Medicine Bottles

Two aqua/blue medicine bottles. The one on the left is embossed ‘Cousins and Thomas, Oxford’. Their shop was in Magdalen Street.
Proprietary Medicines

Proprietary Medicines

Left: aqua glass, ‘Dr Adolf Hommel’s Haemotogen’, a blood purifier. It cost 4 shillings. Centre: aqua glass, ‘Owbridge’s Lung Tonic, Hull’. This size cost 2 shillings and nine pence. Right: ‘Eno’s Fruit Salts’, a...
Burroughs Wellcome Pills Bottle

Burroughs Wellcome Pills Bottle

Small clear glass bottle with metal cap. Embossed on sides ‘B. W. & Co’ (for Burroughs Wellcome) and ‘TABLOID’. External screw-on cap, embossed ‘Wellcome Chemical Works, over 270 highest awards’ (a total exceeded in 1912). In...
Ointment Pot

Ointment Pot

Heavy white ceramic ointment pot, with indent for string for tying on a lid. Pearl ware. Found in the Thames.
Medicine Bottle

Medicine Bottle

Small clear glass medicine bottle, for ‘Powell’ of ‘Blackfriars Road’. Found among rubbish from the 1870s. Labourers’ cottages, Kent.
Medicine Bottle

Medicine Bottle

Small aqua medicine bottle, found with rubbish from the 1870s. Labourers’ cottages, Kent.
Medicine Bottle

Medicine Bottle

Medicine bottle for Barclay & Sons Ltd, Farringdon St, London. From London rubbish dumped in Essex.
Stretton Hills Mineral Water Bottle

Stretton Hills Mineral Water Bottle

Flat-bottomed Hamilton bottle from the Stretton Hills Mineral Water Company, of Church Stretton. Blob top for cork. These bottles superseded the egg-shaped version during the first decade of the twentieth century. They were supposed to be stored on their side, but...
Chemist’s Bottle

Chemist’s Bottle

Large blue chemist’s bottle, which would have held a cork or glass stopper. This was found with a smaller blue display bottle and others from the rubbish from a chemist’s shop that was cleared out in the period 1915-20 and dumped on the marshes at...
Chemist’s Bottle

Chemist’s Bottle

Cobalt chemist’s bottle made in a three-piece mould. Cork or glass stopper missing. Such bottles held active ingredients and were displayed on chemists’ shelves and in their windows. Found amid refuse cleared out of a chemist’s shop about the end of...
Castor Oil Bottle

Castor Oil Bottle

Blue bottle for Allen & Hanbury’s Castor oil, a laxative and general remedy. Found in the same deposit as a bottle for Carlsbad Sprudel Salts, another laxative.
Mineral Water Bottle

Mineral Water Bottle

Two-tone stoneware mineral water bottle for Ad-le-burg manufactory, Southend-on-Sea. Crown cap. Stamped ‘Bourne, Denby, [19]15’. This item was found in a bucket with other bottles, including a small Codd from Harrington’s, a bottle from the Anzora...
Pot Lids

Pot Lids

The undersides of pot lids. Left: an advert for Sulpholine Soap on the underside of a lid for Cracroft’s Areca Nut toothpaste.
Pot Lids

Pot Lids

Left: Pot lid for Cracroft’s Areca Nut Toothpaste. An advert on the underside of the lid promotes ‘Sulpholine Soap’ (Bergh Apton). Right: Pot lid for Atkinson’s Rose Cold Cream, price one shilling. Atkinson also made bear’s grease (London...
Cold Cream Pot Lid

Cold Cream Pot Lid

Pot lid for ‘Price’s Celebrated Cold Cream, for chapped hands and faces’. Found with rubbish from the 1890s at labourers’ cottages in Castle Rising.
‘Lait Larola’ Bottle

‘Lait Larola’ Bottle

Clear glass bottle, embossed ‘Lait Larola for the Skin’, manufactured by Beethams, Cheltenham, for a shilling a bottle. For beautifying and whitening the skin. Hand-made with tooled lip.
Listerine Bottle

Listerine Bottle

Clear glass bottle, embossed ‘Listerine – Lambert Pharmacal Company’. Disinfectant.
Beauty Products

Beauty Products

Left: base of a decoratively moulded milk-glass jar, for skin cream. Right: milk-glass jar, ‘Creme Floreine (+) Paris’ – a beauty product. Imported.
Chemists’ Bottles

Chemists’ Bottles

Left: ‘Back & Co, Norwich and Yarmouth’ (aqua, oval) Right: ‘Fuller & Co Ltd, Dispensing Chemists, Norwich’ (large, aqua panel bottle)
Plain Pot Lid and Base

Plain Pot Lid and Base

Small pot lid with fractured base. The lid would have had a paper label. Pots of this sort were sold by local chemists, containing toothpaste, cold cream, bear’s grease and the like. Larger companies could afford transfer-printed labels, which had the advantage...
Extract of Malt

Extract of Malt

Extract of Malt, prepared by the Army and Navy Co-operative Society, c. 1910. For infants and invalids. Found with rubbish to the rear of the stables at Hempstead rectory.