R. White & Sons Ltd had their main factory in Camberwell, South London, and sold their carbonated beverages (chiefly lemonade and ginger beer) in Codd bottles, stoneware bottles and glass corked/ internal-screw stoppered bottles. In the late 1880s, no deposit was charged on the bottles. R. White’s Codd bottles, made by Dan Rylands of Barnsley, have ‘No Deposit Charged on this Bottle’ embossed on them; and R. White’s leaflets of that time state that no deposit is charged either on individual bottles or crate-loads, and that the company relied on its customers to return the empties. By the late 1890s, however, certain R. White’s bottles did offer a deposit, including the small ‘beer’ bottles. These come in green, brown and clear glass, and offer one farthing for the empty bottle. (The price would have been one and a half pence.) The deposit may have been forfeit if the stopper was missing. The loss of large numbers of non-deposit bottles may have necessitated a change in company policy during the 1890s, in response to the emerging throwaway culture.